All rights reserved. The Shuhari concept was first presented by Fuhaku Kawakami as Jo-ha-kyū in Tao of Tea. Adhere to Tradition, Innovate, Transcend, Here’s how you can use Shu Ha Ri in your Agile Transformation. At this stage, the student must obey the teachings of his master. After you’ve slavishly “followed the rules” (Shu) and rebelliously “broken the rules” (Ha) it’s time to masterfully “make the rules” (Ri). While it originated in the martial arts discipline, it has been applied to many different areas from an individual's own stages of growth to Agile teams as … We use cookies to enable website functionality, understand the performance of our site, provide social media features, and serve more relevant content to you. shu(守?) 2, 1994. So, they start to loosen the language around answering the 3 questions and add a 4th statement of “I could use help with x today” where it is appropriate. Stage 1: “Shu” – Conforming To The Kata. In our “Insights into Agile Transformation Success” white paper, we look back at the common traits shared by organizations and the people we are working with who are seeing success with Agile transformation. To me, the idea of Shu Ha Ri provides thinking tools, a language and a frame of reference to understand how to approach learning a new skill. Shuhari (Kanji: 守破離 Hiragana: しゅはり) is a Japanese martial art concept which describes the stages of learning to mastery. Hi, this week I want to introduce you an old Japanese martial art concept that describes the stages of learning to mastery – Shu ha ri Agile. If they had just start experimenting with different questions and borrowing from other ideas, practices or disciplines (Ri), they would have never established their cadence. Shu-Ha-Ri is a way of thinking about how you learn a technique. Instead of thinking right off the bat that your situation is unique and different and that you must find some custom solution, first ensure you have mastered the basics of the thing you are trying to do. Shu Ha Ri comes from the Japanese martial art concept, which describes the stages of learning to mastery. Japanese martial art concept that is used to describe the stages of learning to mastery [citation needed] Shuhari is part of the philosophy of Shorinji Kempo. Shu Ha Ri is used to describe the progression of training or learning. The Agile mindset itself must become more fluid and more malleable. Shuhari can be considered as concentric circles, with Shu within Ha, and both Shu and Ha within Ri. In this process the forms may be broken and discarded. It is a library of coding patterns. I LEARNT SOMETHING NEW. You may review our Privacy Policy, What is Shu Ha Ri? Shu: The team would change their stand up to follow the 3 question rule, where each person provides updates only on what they did yesterday, what they plan to do today, and if there are any blocking issues. Ha – At this point the student begins to branch out. In the example of the team with the troubled standup, if they only ever focus on the mechanics (the 3 questions), they would never move beyond Shu and would therefore not continue improving. It is quick, concise, impactful, and adapts easily to the situation the team is facing. It is a model for skill development and mastery. One popular way of describing this evolution is by reference to the martial arts concept of … I don’t see the application of this as black and white at all. It is sometimes applied to other disciplines, such as Go. The questions and discussion changed over time, but the cadence and flow remain. Categories:Agile Coaching Business Agility Change Management Culture, Tags:ADKAR change models coaching consulting corporate culture facilitating growing people’s skills human relations human resources Kotter Accelerate managing change mentoring OCM organizational agility organizational change Organizational Change Management relationships. These stages are explained as follows. Everyone is on his or her individual journey. In Japanese, “Ri” literally means to “leave”, “go beyond” or “transcend”. For our purposes, the rules are Agile principles and practices. Upon further inspection, their two-week iterations were really a single 6-week iteration because all their stories would start in the first iteration then cascade across the remaining two. What does the Agile Manifesto indicate? With the basic practices working he now starts to learn the underlying principles and theory behind the technique. Shu (守): “Protect”, “obey”, be faithful to the teachings: It refers to the fundamentals, the basis of knowledge (techniques, … Some Chinese martial arts, popularly known as Wushu, have a similar three stage concept to Mastery: McCarthy, Patrick, "The World within Karate & Kinjo Hiroshi" in Journal of Asian Martial Arts, V. 3 No. We may also place cookies on our and our partners’ behalf to help us deliver more targeted ads and assess the performance of these campaigns. That pattern became an unspoken cadence or muscle memory that continues to drive how the team does their stand ups. Finally, in ri, we completely depart from the forms, open the door to creative technique, and arrive in a place where we act in accordance with what our heart/mind desires, unhindered while not overstepping laws."[1]. It’s good to get a feel for how other people and even organizations are doing though. Shu-Ha-Ri is a Japanese martial arts concept, describing the process of learning by following (Shu); detaching from what has been learned (Ha); and ultimately transcending to mastery (Ri). or visit our Contact page for locations and more. Shu Ha Ri a Japanese martial art concept which describes the stages of learning to mastery. How we learn, follow, break, and eventually create new rules is a process much like the development of a martial artist. Ri – Now the student isn’t learning from other people, but from his own practice. In shu, we repeat the forms and discipline ourselves so that our bodies absorb the forms that our forebears created. The 3 stages of Shu-Ha-Ri are: “SHU” – Conform to the kata “HA” – Apply or adapt the kata “RI” – Transcend the kata *”Kata” = Form. Once the team has deliberately followed this practice and exhibited a level of proficiency with it they are highly likely to have seen marked improvements in the duration of the standup as well as the quality of it. If there are multiple variations on how to do the task, he concentrates on just the one way his master teaches him. Without the cadence, their standups likely would not have become shorter in duration and they probably would have moved to having them less frequently. Shu-Ha-Ri begins where all apprenticeships begin, with diligent adherence and conformity to the forms and teachings of the school, and tradition. Next, in the stage of ha, once we have disciplined ourselves to acquire the forms and movements, we make innovations. And that’s exactly what you’re doing now. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 06:15. Shu stands for knowing the rules; Ha, for bending the rules; and Ri, for making them. This is certainly not a new topic and also not one without some controversy either. I worked with an agile team that excelled at delivery and everyone was happy with the pace they were moving at. Voilà! Shu Ha Ri is something I was introduced to a few years ago and at first it seemed a bit of a stretch for me to apply it as an agile adoption pattern or to even just the idea of learning something new. A simple, but useful example: A co-located team has a daily standup that usually runs 35+ minutes and they are convinced that they need to have standups less frequently so that members of the team can just “do their work.” Here’s how the Shu Ha Ri pregression can help. Ri: The team has moved away from the mechanistic structure of any deliberate questions to answer and their standup is more like a flow of information that everyone finds useful. Shu Ha Ri is a universal principle that can be applied to all disciplines. Finally, in ri, we completely depart from the forms, open the door to creative technique, and arrive in a place where we act in accordance with what our heart/mind desires, unhindered while not overstepping laws.” (Wikipedia. While the values and principles of Agile are minimalistic (See: Agile – What it means…) “rules” do abound – particularly in Scrum (“Generally Accepted Scrum Practices”). is a Japanese martial art concept, and describes the stages of learning to mastery. It is a Japanese martial art concept that is used to describe the stages of learning to mastery. Once you get the basics down move on to experimenting and looking to integrate new thoughts or ideas. Essentially, start simple with the basics and do those well first. Which statement describes Shu Ha Ri? This change starts to yield improvements in how the team collaborates on their stories which helps them have fewer spillover stories. These stages are explained as follows. He also starts learning from other masters and integrates that learning into his practice. Aikido master teacher Endo Seishiro summarizes as follows: “It is known that, when we learn or train in something, we pass through the stages of shu, ha, and ri. The 3 stages of Shu-Ha-Ri are: “SHU” – Conform to the kata “HA” – Apply or adapt the kata “RI” – Transcend the kata *”Kata” = Form. Ha: The team is now very happy with the improvements they have made and are encouraged to make it better. Short extract from Alistair's intro agile development class in which he describes how the Aikido concepts of Shu, Ha and Ri apply to learning. Let’s discuss each facet in detail. We remain faithful to the forms with no deviation. The idea is that a person passes through three stages of gaining knowledge: Needless to say, we began a “Back to Basics” approach to work to get that and other things functioning better. Shuhari roughly translates to Learn, Detach, and Transcend. People like Martin Fowler, Alistair Cockburn, and many others have written about the use and application of Shu Ha Ri in agile environments. Redmond, WA 98052. Shuhari roughly translates to "to keep, to fall, to break away". Template:Expert-verify Shuhari(守破離?) Next, in the stage of ha, once we have disciplined ourselves to acquire the forms and movements, we make innovations. Shu describes the individual who is just beginning their learning. Stage 1: “Shu” – Conforming To The Kata. Your email address will not be published. It can be the basics of transforming oneself and graduating to the next level. Fast forward to today and I find that the distinctions of the levels are useful guides (not black and white rules) to help influence how to approach learning any new skill, including agile. Subscribe now and stay connected with the latest in agile and business agility. Thanks for the great article. Wherever you may be in your Agile journey, the future is clear: business agility – the ability to sense and adapt all aspects of the firm at the pace of market and competitive change. In Japanese, “Ri” literally means to “leave”, “go beyond” or “transcend”. Shu Ha Ri "is a Japanese martial art concept, and describes the stages of learning to mastery." When you are first learning something, variety of ideas isn’t usually the most helpful place to start. Accenture | SolutionsIQ is the leading business agility transformation consultancy. Responding to … I know when I am coaching and starting to work with a new agile team, I usually start with the looking at the basics to see how well represented they are in the teams process. Around 2000, I was writing about the 3 levels of listening, and someone introduced me to Shu-Ha-Ri. It is sometimes applied to other disciplines, such as Go. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shuhari&oldid=985309085, Articles needing translation from Japanese Wikipedia, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is a software testing strategy. Since there tends to be a lot of learning that happens in agile, it’s very useful here as well. The name comes from Japanese martial arts (particularly Aikido), and Alistair Cockburn introduced it as a way of thinking about learning techniques and methodologies for software development.. Your experiments will lead you to new paths and eventually you’ll move beyond the specific practices and evolve your own way of doing things. Thank you. In shu, we repeat the forms and discipline ourselves so that our bodies absorb… After you’ve slavishly “followed the rules” (Shu) and rebelliously “broken the rules” (Ha) it’s time to masterfully “make the rules” (Ri). 6801 185th Ave N.E. Here is an article explaining Shu Ha Ri, from the early 2000s: Shu Ha Ri (PDF) Then, in 2015, I was looking for the radical simplification of… Shu: Know The Rules. The fundamental techniques and knowledge do not change. 17 Sept 2012.). If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. They have been a mainstay of my writing, teaching, speaking since then. Voilà! Su Ha Ri >> as per my study and knowledge can be applicable in every aspect of human lifecycle irrespective of age/sex/demography. In its broader definitions, Shu Ha Ri describes a process of learning: in the Shu stage, the learner follows directions literally and adheres rigidly to whatever rules the teacher has set. These stages are explained as follows. Your email address will not be published. [2], During the Shu phase the student should loyally follow the instruction of a single teacher; the student is not yet ready to explore and compare different paths.[3]. This concept is described by the Japanese word Shuhari– which I became acquainted with thru my Aikido practice. Let’s discuss each facet in detail. Shu-Ha-Ri begins where all apprenticeships begin, with diligent adherence and conformity to the forms and teachings of the school, and tradition. It is a Japanese martial art concept that is used to describe the stages of learning to mastery. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Shuhari roughly translates to "to keep, to fall, to break away". Following these principles religiously and with exact understanding can bring in shape any scattered mindsets or situations which had occurred due to that state. At this stage, the student must obey the teachings of his master. In fact, it is extremely gray, as it isn’t universally applicable, but I do believe it can be a great place to start your thinking. Aikido master Seishi r o Endo Shihan has given us a below explanation on how Shu-Ha-Ri … It is sometimes applied to other disciplines. Q46. To learn more about why and how to transform your organization to business agility, watch for our webinar “The Path to Business Agility”! Shu Ha Ri is used to describe the progression of training or learning. We guide our clients to become adaptive, fast-learning businesses – capable of rapidly delivering customer value and innovation for competitive advantage. Q47. Then, Zeami Motokiyo, the master of Noh, extended this concept to his dance as Shuhari, which then became a part of the philosophy of Aikido. It is a standard for interface design. That rhythm established for them the behaviors of being brief, concise, and to have follow-up conversations after the stand up. For our purposes, the rules are Agile principles and practices. An amazing way of explaining this concept by setting a practical situation. Suite 200 In recent years, it has been abstracted and applied to the cycle of learning in general. There’s a pattern and flow to the standup that “Shu” established. A well-regarded Aikido teacher … And that’s exactly what you’re doing now. This continues for some time and the team continues experiments with various questions to augment or illuminate their current challenges. © 2020 SolutionsIQ. I think one of the key tricks to this is figuring out the intersection of this line of thinking with real world situations. We remain faithful to these forms with no deviation. The principle describes the natural order in which mastery is attained, given that enough effort, time and deliberate practice has been applied. "protect", "obey" — traditional wisdom — learning fundamentals, techniques, heuristics, proverbs ha(破?) Shu describes the individual who is just beginning their learning. Site Map | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use, Twitter Facebook LinkedIn SlideShare YouTube Vimeo RSS, 9 Things Wildly Successful Agile Coaches Do, Blatant Gender Discrimination in the Agile Community, Using a Trojan Horse to Introduce Agility. (see [1]) Aikido master Endō Seishirō shihan stated: "It is known that, when we learn or train in something, we pass through the stages of shu, ha, and ri. Shu-Ha-Ri is a Japanese martial concept and describes the various stages of learning to mastery. In a context relevant to agile adoption patterns, Martin Fowler defines Shu Ha Ri as follows: Shu – In this beginning stage the student follows the teachings of one master precisely. Shu stands for knowing the rules; Ha, for bending the rules; and Ri, for making them. Shu: Know The Rules. Aikido master Endō Seishirō shihan stated: "It is known that, when we learn or train in something, we pass through the stages of shu, ha, and ri. He creates his own approaches and adapts what he’s learned to his own particular circumstances. In shu, we repeat the forms and discipline ourselves so that our bodies absorb the forms that our forbearers created. Required fields are marked *. SHU HA RI AGILE A TOOL FOR AGILE COACHES. Call Toll-Free 1-800-235-4091 In this process the forms may be broken and discarded. He concentrates on how to do the task, without worrying too much about the underlying theory. My Aikido practice Detach, and tradition ideas isn ’ t learning from other people even. Edited on 25 October 2020, at 06:15 comes from the Japanese martial concept... Training or learning text with references provided in the foreign-language article stand up the rules ; Ha, bending... That “ shu ” – Conforming to the Kata topic and also not one without some controversy.... How we learn, Detach, and describes the stages of learning to mastery. しゅはり ) is a much! 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How other people and even organizations are doing though Contact page for and! The most helpful place to start in Agile, it ’ s exactly what you ’ re now! Understanding can bring in shape any scattered mindsets or situations which had occurred due to that..