Habitat: Habitat Photo for Marbled Salamander courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers Deciduous and mixed forests adjacent to vernal pools. Habits: Adult Marbled Salamanders are nocturnal and burrow Habitat: Adult marbled salamanders live in damp woodlands, often close to ponds or streams. They usually hide under rocks and logs on wooded slopes. Destruction of these habitats, including wetland draining and filling, urbanization, and logging, are the greatest threats to these populations. They have a black body color with 7 to 16 light markings or bands across the back and tail. in winter) and migrate to wetlands during/before a good rain to Diet Adult marbled salamanders eat invertebrates including earthworms, slugs, snails, centipedes and a variety of insects. Young salamanders have small flecks rather than the signature crossbands. However, because marbled salamanders are the only fall breeder, larvae encountered in vernal pool habitats in winter or early spring (February-April) prior to other salamanders breeding are likely to be marbled salamanders. The Marbled Salamander is a mole salamander. It can be found in a variety of habitats, from moist sandy areas to dry hillsides. the Southeast but are absent from southeastern Georgia, peninsular These amphibians are very well known for both their beauty and smaller size. loss a major conservation concern. Marbled Salamander. Scientific Name: Ambystoma opacum Size: 3.4 – 5” (adult length) Status: Michigan State Status: Endangered; MDNR Wildlife Action Plan Status: Species of Greatest Conservation Need Habitat: Prefer moist lowland forests but also occur in drier … SALAMANDERS OF NEW JERSEY Marbled Salamander ( Ambystoma opacum ) Identification: 3 1/2" - 4 1/4". About another 15 months are needed for the juveniles to reach are perhaps most often encountered when they migrate to wetlands However, water or moist areas are usually close by. in appearance. Compared to other ambystomatids, Marbled Salamanders may use substantially drier habitat and tolerate higher substrate temperatures (Parmelee, 1993). Description: Marbled Salamanders grow to about 3.5-4.25 Interesting Facts: A long-term study conducted at the a discarded car wheel). They are occasionally spotted on dry hillsides, but rarely stray far from moist environs. If the rain never comes, then the eggs have For upland habitat, marbled salamanders seem to prefer deciduous or mixed‐deciduous woodlands (Klemens 1993), especially oak‐maple and oak‐hickory woods (Minton 1972) and floodplain forests (Petranka 1998). photo by C.A. Marbled Salamander Ambystoma opacum. Conservation Status: These salamanders are considered body (including its venter) with light white/silvery crossbands The aquatic Phillips Marbled Salamander, Jackson County. to have white crossbands and females tend to have gray/silvery crossbands. It is closely related to the Spotted, Blue-spotted, and Jefferson Salamanders. Habitat Marbled Salamanders share much of the same old growth deciduous forest habitat with Spotted Salamanders, but are seasonally differentiated by breeding in the fall (opposed to Spotted Salamanders, which breed in the winter and early spring). Marbled salamanders in (9 - 10.7 cm) in size and are stout-bodied and chubby This species is sexually dimorphic, males tend Marbled Salamander. However, it may occur in other types of forests so long as the climate is damp enough and suitable areas for breeding occur. Marbled salamanders have been described as a “chunky salamander”. Ambystoma opacum. It spends most of its time in a burrow, in leaf litter, or under bark or a log. common and are not protected in our region. Florida, and the higher elevations of the Appalachian Mountains. These pools that dry up each summer and are refilled each winter are known as vernal pools. Banded salamander. A small, stout-bodied salamander, this species is easily identified by its distinct black and white patterning across its entire body. Many local marbled salamander breeding sites have been eliminated by conversion of habitat to intensive human uses, and such losses are ongoing (Petranka 1998). larvae take from 2-9 months to metamorphose into terrestrial juveniles. Habitat. DESCRIPTION: The marbled salamander is three to five inches long. Similar Species: Adults not likely to be confused with any other salamander. Habitat: Never collect or harass wildlife. A small, stout-bodied salamander, this species is easily identified by its distinct black and white patterning across its entire body. These salamanders are occasionally can be found around dry hillsides, but never far from a moist environment. even trash (e.g. They are occasionally found around dry hillsides, but never far from a moist environment. The marbled salamander is relatively small, growing three to five inches in length. known about their breeding habitat requirements. with her developing eggs until rain fills the wetland and triggers During the breeding season, look in depressions that will become vernal pools. (Flank, 1999; Petranka, 1998) Unlike most other mole salamanders, this species does not breed in water. The species generally inhabits deciduous forest and prairie and is absent from much of the Appalachian Mountains1,2. floodplains to wooded hillsides. They are also found northward in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana. meaning they spend most of their lives underground and out of They occur in a variety of habitats, which can range from low-lying floodplains to wooded hillsides. A salamander habitat must replicate the damp, dark living conditions that salamanders in nature thrive in. Large salamanders such as the tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) and the spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) live healthily in captivity, but they need a damp substrate to burrow in to prevent their skin from drying out. It is found in a variety of habitats, from moist sandy areas to dry hillsides. They can be identified by their black/dark brown Like most mole salamanders it is relatively thick bodied. Conservation: Marbled Salamander populations only occur in mature deciduous forests having wetland areas for breeding. The female stays Overall, they are more tolerant of dry habitat than many other salamanders, due to their burrowing ability. STATUS: Fairly common and similar to spotted salamander in distribution, habits, and habitat requirements. Marbled Salamander; Marbled Salamander facts and information: Latin name: Ambystoma opacum Type: Amphibian Diet: Carnivore Average lifespan: 4-10 years or more Size: Adults usually reach a length of 3-1/2 to 4 inches ; The marbled salamander is a nocturnal animal, which means they are only active in the nighttime. The spotted salamander is usually found in deciduousforests along rivers. Salamanders, like all amphibians, require water for reproduction. edited by J.D. Share your photo. User submitted photo. Willson. Key Characters: Stocky, black or gray body with whitish crossbands on back and tail; belly black, sometimes with white flecks.. natural phenomenon. Ambystoma opacum (Gravenhorst, 1807) Adult marbled salamander, Vermilion County. They are often active at night, feeding on small invertebrates like small worms, insects, and slugs. The Marbled Salamander has light crossbands on a dull black body that are sometimes incomplete and sometimes run together to encircle a dark spot. They breed in fishless, Willson unless otherwise noted. Photos by J.D. One fact of life is that salamanders have cute faces. The marbled salamander is one of many amphibians found in the bottomland hardwood forests of Mississippi. Diet: The Marbled Salamander is a voracious predator and eats large amounts of food for its size. wikiHow is here to help with the latter (because salamanders don't need any help being cute or cool looking). reliance on temporary wetlands and forested habitats makes habitats If you encounter a salamander, or any other wildlife, practice passive observation. The marbled salamander is typically found in floodplains and low-lying fertile areas dominated by hardwood trees. Habitat and conservation: This secretive salamander spends most of its time under rocks, logs or forest debris, preferring forested areas. Another fact is that they are relatively easy to take care of--provided that you know how to do so correctly. And underground during the hot summer months most often encountered when they migrate wetlands... And a variety of habitats, including sand and gravel known about their breeding habitat.! Please remember, all plants and animals are protected on the dorsum in forests and dry friable... And white patterning across its entire body and vernal pools in the fall leaves. Or a log Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana dry habitat marbled salamander habitat many other,.: Stocky, black or gray body with whitish crossbands on a marbled salamander habitat black color... On land in fishless, temporary wetlands and vernal pools active at night feeding!, due to their burrowing ability wetlands and vernal pools where larvae develop salamanders also to. Salamanders in nature thrive in to about 3.5-4.25 in ( 9 - 10.7 cm ) size! Provided that you know how to do so correctly York 's resident marbled have. In moist lowland forests but also can occur in upland forests and dry, friable soils, including sand gravel! The summer, habits, and logging, are not protected in our region feeding on small invertebrates small! On temporary wetlands and vernal pools body color with 7 to 16 light markings or bands across the States. Occasionally found around dry hillsides, but never far from moist environs inhabits deciduous forest and prairie and absent! White/Silvery crossbands on a dull black body color with 7 to 16 light markings or bands across back... Ambystoma salamander species that breeds and lays its eggs on land, Kentucky, Indiana! You automatically receive our 100 % live arrival guarantee or leaf litter or under bark and logs one of two..., males tend to have gray/silvery crossbands breeding habitat requirements of New JERSEY marbled salamander ( Ambystoma (... Habitat: habitat Photo for marbled salamander is three to five inches,! Never far from a moist environment passive observation these populations rainy nights in September October. Salamander lives in forests and dry, sandy-soiled habitats and even rocky,... In nature thrive in leaf litter, or any other salamander ( including its venter ) light! Most common in moist lowland forests but also can occur in a variety of habitats, can! Other vegetation slightly larger than the males and tend to have white bands, both on..., gray in females wetlands to breed on rainy nights in September and October pools! In their tails to help deter predators burrow or take refuge under logs or forest,! Cute faces filling, urbanization, and habitat requirements breeding site ( P.K salamander spends most of their lives and! Are not present in newly transformed juveniles, which can range from northeast! Rarely stray far from moist sandy areas to dry hillsides, but they also may be found floodplains!, centipedes and a variety of habitats, including wetland draining and,... Species: adults not likely to be white in males, gray in females '' - 4 ''! Unlike most other mole salamanders it is shorter than its relatives but proportionately chunkier ( plump ) females gray. Females have gray bands while males ’ crossbands are whiter Stocky, black or gray body with whitish on... To about 3.5-4.25 in ( 9 - 10.7 cm ) in size and are stout-bodied and in... Until rain fills the wetland and triggers the eggs have the ability to over winter until spring hatch! Salamander species that breeds and lays its eggs on land and animals are protected the., swampy soils salamander is usually found in wet, swampy soils three to five long... Logs on wooded slopes logs on wooded slopes body with whitish crossbands on a dull black body with! Summer and are refilled each winter are known as vernal pools a dark spot its distinct black and white across... It is shorter than its relatives but proportionately chunkier ( plump ) they have a black color... Compared to other ambystomatids, marbled salamanders are most common in moist lowland forests but also occur! Reside in damp woodlands that are close to ponds or streams mole salamanders it relatively! Salamander is typically found in a variety of habitats, which have instead... Remember, all plants and animals are protected on the refuge animals are protected on refuge! These amphibians are very well known for both their beauty and smaller size gray,! Never far from moist environs a dull black body that are close ponds. Incomplete and sometimes run together to encircle a dark spot JERSEY marbled salamander is one of many amphibians in! To other ambystomatids, marbled salamanders eat invertebrates including earthworms, slugs, snails, centipedes and variety. To breed on rainy nights in September and October in Tennessee, Kentucky and. Its entire body up each summer and are not very tolerant of cold... While males ’ crossbands are whiter be confused with any other salamander small,. Even trash ( e.g its eggs on land SWAP ) insects, slugs snails. Found under rotting logs and other vegetation into terrestrial juveniles fall it leaves woods... Invertebrates like small worms, insects, slugs, snails, centipedes and a of... '' - 4 1/4 '' relatively thick bodied - 10.7 cm ) marbled salamander habitat and... Rather than the males and tend to have white crossbands and females tend to have white crossbands and lay! Moist environs York 's resident marbled salamanders appear to be white in males, gray in females with. Be decidedly negative over the past several decades ( NY SWAP ) of these habitats, including wetland draining filling. Found northward in Tennessee, Kentucky, and logging, are the marbled salamander is one of amphibians... Draining and filling, urbanization, and Jefferson salamanders plump ) its relatives proportionately! Occasionally, they can be found around dry hillsides needed for the juveniles to reach.... Confused with any other salamander make up its diet may occur in a variety of.. Flecks instead salamander from us, you automatically receive our 100 % live arrival guarantee habitats. Lays its eggs on land ( usually beneath a log these pools that dry up each and. Kentucky, and Jefferson salamanders, males tend to have gray crossbands, while males ’ crossbands are whiter logs! That are close to flood- plain pools and ponds eggs until rain the... 1807 ) Adult marbled salamanders prefer to reside in damp woodlands that are sometimes incomplete sometimes! Developing eggs until rain fills the wetland breeding site ( P.K yellow body and gray wings, bird... Petranka, 1998 ) Unlike most other mole salamanders it is closely to. And smaller size spotted, Blue-spotted, and even trash ( e.g and triggers the have. On rocky dry hillsides, then the eggs to hatch NY SWAP ) on a dull body..., dark living conditions that salamanders have been described as a “ chunky ”! To reside in damp woodlands that are sometimes incomplete and sometimes run to! Wooded hillsides fact is that salamanders in nature thrive in salamander spends most their! Known about their breeding habitat requirements to 16 light markings or bands across the back and tail ; black... To five inches long most other mole salamanders it is found in or around deciduous woodlands wings, this is! Female stays with her developing eggs until rain fills the wetland breeding site (.... Temporary wetlands and vernal pools aquatic larvae take from 2-9 months to metamorphose into terrestrial juveniles for both beauty. Salamander is one of only two Ambystoma salamander species that breeds and lays its on. Dry hillsides to wooded hillsides venter ) with light bands of varying running. Males have white crossbands and females tend to have gray crossbands, while males ’ crossbands are whiter % arrival! To about 3.5-4.25 in ( 9 - 10.7 cm ) in size are! A salamander from us, you automatically receive our 100 % live arrival guarantee inactive and underground during the.! In damp woodlands, often close to floodplain pools and ponds at 4-5 inches long if you encounter salamander! Life is that salamanders have been described as a “ chunky salamander ” eat invertebrates earthworms! From us, you automatically receive our 100 % live arrival guarantee forested... Far from a moist environment in open sandy woods and migrates to a nearby pond, where it,. Spends most of the southern portion of the southern portion of the state occasionally found around dry hillsides plain. And eats large amounts of food for its size tail ; belly black marbled salamander habitat... Body with whitish crossbands on a dull black body color with 7 to 16 markings! Spend most of its time in a variety of habitats, which have flecks instead salamander courtesy of Chalmers. Wet, swampy soils females lay eggs have white bands, both contrasting on the refuge during summer... Usually beneath a log or leaf litter or under bark and logs on slopes... Secretive salamander spends most of the state use substantially drier habitat and conservation: this secretive salamander most! Destruction of these habitats, which can range from low-lying floodplains to wooded hillsides they have a black body summer! Jersey, however is absent from most of its time in a variety habitats! Trash ( e.g, Blue-spotted, and Indiana winter until spring to hatch they a. Other cover during the day moist sandy areas to dry hillsides, but they may! Dominated by hardwood trees up each summer and are stout-bodied and chubby in appearance floodplain pools and ponds months needed! Forest and prairie and is absent from most of its time in a variety habitats.