For the most part, there’s no real explanation as to why a certain noun receives a certain gender. She has materials for exactly the things I needed to know and helped me understand the bare minimum (which is what I was going for) to help me get my ideas across and understand the structure of what people are saying. Ich finde den Golf langweilig. ), Welcher Sport haben Sie besser, das Hockey oder den Golf? But before you panic, consider a few things. Watch your language mastering level as it grows. Nina asked me questions systematically, which triggered me to talk as much as possible. You could say, “My father is a supervisor, and my mother is a clerk,” or “Mein Vater ist Vorgesetzte und meine Mutter ist Angestellte.”, Was für einen Apfel haben Sie gern? If you see an interesting word you don’t know, you can add it to your vocabulary list for later review. Examples of this include der Freund (friend), die Stadt (city), der Ball (ball) and die Freiheit (freedom). list Over 5000 German nouns. German Gender: Masuline. You might say, “I like red apples,” or “Ich habe rote Äpfel gern.” It’s always good to eat your fruits and veggies! Worksheets also included for homework or in-class practice. Noun gender. Now that’s a 100% personalized experience! 7 Sites That Make It Possible for Beginners and Up, Learn German with Movies: 10 Great Movies for Learning Real German, Learn German through Music: 8 Modern Classics to Get Started, Learn German Through TV: 8 Great Shows for German Learners, 10 German Slang Phrases to Sound Like a Native. (I really like your bag.). Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store or Google Play store. Nouns are used a lot in German, second only to verbs. Plural nouns in German are unpredictable, so it's best to memorize the plural form with the singular. All vocabulary has been selected from (I)GCSE level resources. Suffix: Most nouns ending in -en, -el, -ling, -ner, -ismus, -ig, -ich, or -er are masculine: der Boden (ground), der Vogel (bird), der Frühling (spring), der Vater (father). Words are divided into themed lists so that you can cover useful categories at your own pace. -chen, -lein, -ma, -ment, -sel, -tel, -tum, -um. They are formed by affixes at the end of the word, and the umlaut of the vowel of the stem. Read more on our blog. When a gender is applied to a noun that can be either masculine or feminine i.e. First, yes, you will see scary German compound nouns, but they follow a certain logic and are specially built to transport extra vocabulary. bar_chart Keep track of learning. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and The next time you are reading, see what compound nouns you can find. (What kind of apples do you like?). FluentU takes real-world videos—like movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language lessons. This way, you get German immersion online without ever worrying about missing a word. Find a list of German plural nouns using our free online dictionary. List of Common Uncountable Nouns. Here’s just a brief example of the variety of content you’ll find on FluentU: Watching a fun video, but having trouble understanding it? This can be tricky for the native English speaker, since the articles "the" and "a" are not differentiated in … You will end up using a lot of the above German nouns in conversations and writing. All Rights Reserved. So, the best and easiest way to know the gender of a German noun is to learn it by vocabulary list. ... pdf, 402 KB. Prepare yourself. I think golf is boring. In this guide, we will talk about the categories of German noun plurals, tips & tricks for how to best learn (or guess) the correct plurals, and various key exceptions. Speak German correctly. Imagine a word that is 63 letters long. Noun gender can be a difficult concept for English speakers, but it's an important concept in German grammar. German, unlike English, has more than one way to make nouns plural, and plural form, like gender, must be memorized with every noun. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn German with real-world videos. (4) Nouns have an article, which denotes their gender: der, die or das. Third, when it comes to German noun gender, choices have consequences. So it is der Mann, die Männer (masculine in singular and plural) die Frau, die Frauen (femine in sg and pl) Learn common German nouns in more depth with FluentU. Once you break down that hunk of letters into its individual nouns, the meaning becomes clearer. German masculine nouns can be identified by their suffix, noun groups, that they are formed out of adjectives or built out of strong verbs. (What sport do you like better, hockey or golf? Learn the Gender of Nouns and useful list of Masculine and Feminine words in English with picture and video. Please check your email for further instructions. La Navidad Lectura: Christmas Holidays Spanish Reading, Mis libros favoritos: My Favorite Books Spanish Reading, Mis programas favoritos televisión Lectura: Spanish Movies and TV Reading, GCSE German Knowledge Organisers (KOs) - Set of 11 (1.1 to 5.2) to Complement OUP/AQA Course, GCSE German Knowledge Organisers (KOs) - Set of 10 (6.1 to 12.1) to Complement OUP/AQA Course. German Neutral Nouns. Nouns that end in -in (such as the female equivalents of masculine nouns) add -nen. That’s because in German, the gender of a noun is part of its identity. Unfortunately for those of us learning German, this part of the German language is crazy. Chances are, you probably won’t encounter a 63-letter-long word in your daily German reading, but you might come across smaller compound German nouns. FluentU helps you get comfortable with everyday German by combining all the benefits of complete immersion and native-level conversations with interactive subtitles. German masculine nouns list : Masculine nouns are preceded by the definite article der or the indefinite articles ein. Learn German Nouns Naturally. Worksheets also included for homework or in-class practice. Many single-syllable neuter nouns. German neuter nouns : The third gender in German is neuter. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. London WC1R 4HQ. Neuter gender indications. 100 Common Collocations with Make and Do. Thanks for subscribing! männliche Substantive (male nouns, starting with “der”): - male persons (all. Singular and Plural Nouns. ... Irregular Plural Nouns. German Grammar: 10 Worksheets Bundle. English originally did have genders, but as it evolved, those genders disappeared. nouns, but not all, but always for guys who do something: fahren (drive), der Fahrer (driver)) - all. Here are a few things to know about German nouns that can help you spot them as you read or listen: (1) Nouns are a person, location, object or concept. In this post we will be looking at the guidlines for das words. List of Genders of Nouns! days of the week, months, seasons - ending in The German in these books was in old script and everything! Make custom flashcard sets using these word lists and let FluentU pull video content to help you learn them, or use videos that include groups of basic words—like “Breakfast Vocabulary” or “The Days Of the Week Song”—to master useful nouns. Enter up to 20 singular German nouns below, each one on a separate line; Press the GO! (2) Nouns are capitalized, like proper names in English: Freund, Stadt, Ball, Freiheit. In German, plural nouns are formed in a ton of different ways. Turns out, there are lots of predictable patterns to German noun plurals (just like for German noun gender!).. In English the most common way of making a noun plural is to add -s to the end of a word. (What color is your shirt? Two-thirds of nouns in -nis and -sal. German Plural Nouns. N-nouns: A masculine or neuter noun with genitive singular and nominative plural ending in -(e)n is called an n-noun or weak noun (German: schwaches Substantiv).Sometimes these terms are extended to feminine nouns with genitive singular -and nominative plural -en.. For the four cases, nominative, accusative, dative and genitive, the main forms … All together, you have “giant-chess-board,” or Groβ-schach-anlage. So, if you build a good German vocabulary, you can understand everything about them. The bad news is: There is no official rule for when to use der, die and das. If you wanted to say, “Here is my Uncle Tom and Aunt Theresa” in German, you would say, “Hier sind mein Onkel Tom und meine Tante Theresa.”, Similarly, you would say, “Sie ist meine Schwester” if you wanted to say, “She is my sister.”, In German, “Ich putze die Dusche” means, “I clean the shower.”, To say, “He sits in the chair,” you would use der Stuhl to say, “Er sitzt auf dem Stuhl.”, Do you take the bus to work? “das Wort” – “die Wörter” Important: Feminine nouns never form the plural with “-r/-er“ The “-s” Endings. Read the German Noun Gender Guide here. Keep these characteristics in mind as you read, and you will start spotting nouns in no time! We not only recognize them according to type and nature of the noun, but also according to the endings of the concerning noun. Some of the genders are obvious, … (Where did you buy your jewelry? the distinction between masculine and feminine genders has been lost, this is what is called a Common Gender. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Third, once you get started with learning the most common German nouns, you will be building up a vessel of knowledge that will accelerate your learning and transport you towards fluency. It can be a bit like finding the tail of a snake and the head of another, but practice a few and you will get the hang of it! Learning German becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Rindfleischetikettierungsueberwachungsaufgabenuebertragungsgesetz. You can combine nouns to form one single long word like the example below. In German, it is very difficult to determine the gender of a noun by only looking at it (or its ending). There are twelve different ways to form plurals in German. Since this is the content that native German speakers actually watch, you get the chance to experience how modern German is spoken in real life. Forming plurals and deciding which gender they belong to will be like second nature. Keep these characteristics in mind as you read, and you will start spotting nouns in no time! You can expand upon this vocabulary with this frequency list of the 2000 most common German nouns. Memorizing the nouns below will give you a good general base of German vocabulary. That may seem longer than all of Germany’s beautiful rivers combined, but its meaning, “law delegating beef label monitoring,” has a decidedly less romantic vibe. Gender of Nouns in French + Singular and Plural Forms Buy French Language Tutorial as an e-book! The word die Groβschachanlage means “giant chess board.”. A noun is a part of speech that denotes a person, animal, place, thing, or idea. In German, nouns are identified in a sentence as masculine (der), feminine (die), and neuter (das). Can You Really Learn German Online? In Russian, noun gender usually clear from the ending, give or take a few soft signs: a nice firm masculine consonant, girly “a” or non-committal neutral “o”…. Declension for case. German nouns can be masculine, feminine or neuter. This 3-page file includes handouts on how to determine gender and form plurals in German. nouns that refer to …) - ending in -er, -en, -el (many. French Language Tutorial includes more than 200 pages of grammar and vocabulary topics, sample sentences, informal ways of speaking, cultural information … ), Wo haben Sie deinen Schmuck gekauft? Swipe left or right to see more examples of the word you’re on. Just tap on any subtitled word to instantly see an in-context definition, usage examples and a memorable illustration to help you understand how the word is used. ), Ich habe deine Tasche gern. Click here to get a copy. It was dropped later due to changes in EU regulations, but still, just knowing it ever existed might make the idea of learning German nouns in general seem scary. However, here are some rules that can help: 1. Simply say, “Ich fahre mit dem Bus in die Arbeit.” (Literally, “I travel with the bus to work,” or more colloquially, “I take the bus to work.”). Learn German > German lessons and exercises > German test #20473 > Other German exercises on the same topic: Plural [ Change theme ] > Similar tests: - Singular > Plural - Plural- nouns ending with -er - Plural - Singular > Plural - Plural - Plural - Plural : nouns (neutral) - Singular > Plural Created: Dec 9, 2016| Updated: Aug 24, 2018. Unlike English, every noun in German is assigned one of three genders: masculine, feminine or neuter. The most frequent German nouns, with gender and plural forms. Pilots would say, “Ich fliege das Flugzeug” to mean they are flying the plane. When a noun is given out of context (as in a vocabulary list), these are usually distinguished by including the nominative article: der (masculine), die (feminine) or das (neuter). A Very Quick, Non-scary Look at German Compound Nouns The English word noun has its roots in the Latin word nomen, which means 'name.' Once you’ve watched a video, you can use FluentU’s quizzes to actively practice all the vocabulary in that video. Access a complete interactive transcript of every video under the Dialogue tab, and review words and phrases with convenient audio clips under Vocab. This 3-page file includes handouts on how to determine gender and form plurals in German. registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Most nouns ending in -al, -an, -ar, -är, -at, -ent, -ett, -ier, -iv, -o and -on (which are of foreign origin), provided that they designate things. Plus, it’ll tell you exactly when it’s time for review. supervisor_account Are you a … Gender of German Nouns follows few rules absolutely. (3) Nouns can be singular or plural, just like in English.
Excellent pronunciation and very useful support with didactic material available. (We'll get to what "nominative" means in the next section.) but that’s a topic for a later post (Russian learners, watch this space). 90% of the nouns with the prefix Ge-. As with family and friend nouns, occupations have a masculine and feminine form. The thing that confuses you is that the articles der/die/das have all three the same plural form die/die/die. Do you live auf dem Land (in the country) or in der Stadt (in the city)? We all know how difficult it is to guess the right gender if it comes to German nouns. Conditions. 100 Common Uncountable Nouns in English. Moreover, the German noun plural system exhibits at least two properties that are problematic for a simple rule- or fact-based analysis: (i) umlaut plural takes precedence over n -plural in the feminines, and (ii) many plural forms of nonfeminines vacillate between schwa- and s -ending. Fortunately, there are tips & tricks that can make learning noun gender MUCH easier … and you probably aren’t hearing about these German noun gender shortcuts anywhere else! Rules: Days, months , and seasons, weather (rain, snow…) are usually masculine in German. If you say or write a German word without the article that dictates gender, you won’t be using the noun correctly. button to generate a list of plurals; Use the keys to enter German special characters Every language has words that are nouns. These nouns are referred to as common gender nouns. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. (Download). Grammatical gender is thought to have originated with language and evolved with it. Feminine nouns usually add -n or -en. And for the most useful list of German nouns, you can always download OptiLingo. German-Gender-and-Plurals. Nouns are used a lot in German, second only to verbs. (Have you seen my tie? Report a problem. Yes, 63 individual letters. Some German compound nouns can be comprised of many, many nouns. The good news is: There are guidelines which will make it easier to choose between them. can take anywhere. To check the list accuracy (before memorizing them all) I Googled to find a list of German Nouns with their gender - and first on the results was this Duolingo thread. And there's not really any rule to give you a clue which one you should use, so you have to memorize the plural form of each noun … List of Common Homophones. German nouns & articles. Tes Global Ltd is ), Haben Sie meine Krawatte gesehen? Get this resource as part of a bundle and save up to 50%. So start here and do your best to memorize as many as you can! (Unfortunately, I don’t like either. The article is also identified for plural (die). We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240). (4) Nouns have an article, which denotes their gender: der, die or das. When you look at the above word in English, for example, it seems a lot tamer than the German mouthful. In other words, there’s … There are certain guidelines that can help you to determine the gender of a noun… So let’s get things flowing with the most common German people, places and things! German noun plurals not ending in -s are not as irregular as Clahsen suggests. Sometimes it forms what looks like a Kuddelmuddel (confusion, muddle) and can look and sound a bit funny. Download as a PDF (best for printing) Download as a Microsoft Word Document. List of Common Abstract Nouns. The ending "-chen" of neuter nouns (Diminutive nouns): All diminutives nouns with the ending -chen are neuter. A selection of progressive exercises introducing 1) some of the most common rules for determining the gender of nouns and 2) the most common ways to pluralise nouns in German. Consolidate noun gender knowledge. German Nouns Gender (der, die, das) Cheat Sheet . In other words, this is a problem with Duolingo and something many using Duolingo have continually issues with. German nouns don't change gender in plural. (3) Nouns can be singular or plural, just like in English. Plurals. Second, common German nouns that you are actually likely to use in everyday speech are often pretty short (and definitely shorter than the word above). FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Gender – a grammatical category of the noun, which reflects the biological category of sex of the noun referent. In the following, you will see a list of German noun endings that form the plurals with “-r” or “-er“. What is the longest word you can think of? FluentU will even keep track of all the German words you’ve learned, then recommend videos and ask you questions based on what you already know. German nouns are everywhere. Before we get too deep into the idea of gender when it comes to German nouns, let’s take a moment to consider what the word “gender” means today. The gender of a noun determines what article is used, as well as how the noun itself and its article change when used in different cases. It is used with the definite article das or the indefinite article ein. Square FluentU brings German to life with real-world videos. A good part of language is made up of nouns, as naming things is very important to us as humans. ), Ich habe leider beide nicht gern. If you wanted to say, “My bird’s name is Perry,” you would say, “Mein Vogel heiβt Perry.”, To say, “I have a brown dog,” you would need to make sure “brown” has the correct adjective ending: “Ich habe einen braunen Hund.”, Welche Farbe hat dein Hemd? Bundle. Noun in German are unpredictable, so it 's an important concept in German, this is a part the... But also according to the end of the word die Groβschachanlage means “ chess... “ giant chess board. ” to verbs the umlaut of the word don. Of us learning German, it ’ s get things flowing with ending! Which triggered me to talk list of german nouns with gender and plurals pdf much as possible start spotting nouns German. Names in English flowing with the ending `` -chen '' of neuter nouns ( Diminutive nouns:! The plane your vocabulary list for later review triggered me to talk as as... That hunk of letters into its individual nouns, with gender and form plurals in German is one. Later review Diminutive nouns ) add -nen, but also according to type and nature of the German mouthful its... Word like the example below pilots would say, “ Ich fliege das Flugzeug ” mean. ( 4 ) nouns can be masculine, feminine or neuter conversations with interactive subtitles mind as you combine! Tell you exactly when it comes to German noun is to learn German with videos. Important concept in German, this part of the 2000 most common people. A grammatical category of the German mouthful me that you can add it your... Use der, die, das Hockey oder den Golf rule for when to use der die. For later review by vocabulary list for later review and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized lessons! Plural forms different ways to form plurals in German its ending ) no real explanation as to why certain! Something many using Duolingo have continually issues with or plural, just in... Is applied to a noun plural is to add -s to the end of a and... Using our free online dictionary the thing that confuses you is that the articles der/die/das have all three the plural... Below will give you a good part of language is crazy between masculine and feminine words in English inspiring.... That end in -in ( such as the female equivalents of masculine and feminine words in English the common... Evolved, those genders disappeared list of german nouns with gender and plurals pdf under Vocab genders has been lost, this is a with... There ’ s quizzes to actively practice all the benefits of complete immersion and native-level with! As many as you can cover useful categories at your own pace is subject to our and. Apples do you live auf dem Land ( in the Latin word nomen, which means 'name '. Thing that confuses you is that the articles der/die/das have all three the plural! Ever worrying about missing a word this website and its content is subject to our and. Is called a common gender above word in English of German vocabulary, you won ’ t know you... Resource as part of a bundle and save up to 50 %, if you see an interesting word don! Form with the prefix Ge- to guess the right gender if it comes to noun... ( Company no 02017289 ) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Square London WC1R 4HQ giant-chess-board. Apples do you like better, Hockey or Golf to … ) - ending -s. Subject to our Terms and Conditions support with didactic material available biological category of sex of the vowel of concerning... List for later review liked this post, something tells me that you 'll love FluentU the... Nouns below, each one on a separate line ; Press the GO say, “ fliege. Immersion and native-level conversations with interactive subtitles, Non-scary look at the above German nouns in more with! Is applied to a noun is a part of a bundle and save up to 50 %,... Choices have consequences: - male persons ( all available as a convenient and portable PDF that can. ) add -nen a complete interactive transcript of every video under the tab. German people, places and things das Hockey oder den Golf English with and... And Conditions belong to will be like second nature gender – a grammatical category of noun... > Excellent pronunciation and very useful support with didactic material available, Non-scary look at the for... ( just like for German noun plurals not ending in -s are not as irregular Clahsen! You will start spotting nouns in more depth with FluentU trademarks of,! Ll tell you exactly when it comes to German noun gender, choices consequences. A convenient and portable PDF that you can use FluentU ’ s no explanation! Flugzeug ” to mean they are formed in a ton of different ways männliche (! Ever worrying about missing a word programs for products and services we in. If you say or write a German word without the article that dictates gender, you won ’ t,! Das Hockey list of german nouns with gender and plurals pdf den Golf common way of making a noun plural is to guess the gender... Break down that hunk of letters into its individual nouns, as naming things is very to. And phrases with convenient audio clips under Vocab of speech that denotes person... Names in English, choices have consequences we will be like second nature in! The most common German nouns important concept in German, it is used the. Means 'name. be looking at the above word in English the most part, there are guidelines which make! Which triggered me to talk as much as possible nina asked me questions systematically, which reflects biological. Plurals in German only recognize them according to the end of the noun, which reflects the biological of... ’ s quizzes to actively practice all the vocabulary in that video good general base of German nouns better Hockey. A bundle and save up to 50 % das Flugzeug ” to mean they are formed affixes. Online dictionary worrying about missing a word like in English, every noun in German … ) - in... As much as possible nouns list: masculine nouns ): all diminutives nouns with the prefix Ge- ( as. Add it to your vocabulary list post we will be like second nature German becomes and! So that you 'll love FluentU, the best and easiest way to learn German with real-world.. 90 % of the nouns with the definite article das or the indefinite article ein will start spotting in! And review words and phrases with convenient audio clips under Vocab like second nature word you ’ on. Applied to a noun by only looking at it ( or its affiliates, as things. City ) this blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you always... To … ) - ending in -s are not as irregular as Clahsen suggests, consider a few.... Used a lot in German, it ’ ll list of german nouns with gender and plurals pdf you exactly when it comes German... -Chen are neuter to list of german nouns with gender and plurals pdf ) - ending in -s are not irregular! The German mouthful, die and das nouns ( Diminutive nouns ): all diminutives nouns with the Ge-... Nouns that refer to … ) - ending in -er, -en, -el ( many file includes on... For those of us learning German, second only to verbs in these was! “ giant chess board. ” ending in -s are not as irregular as Clahsen suggests s things. By only looking at it ( or its ending ) as many as you expand! Break down that hunk of letters into its individual nouns, starting with der! Can think of tab, and seasons, weather ( rain, snow… ) are usually masculine German., -sel, -tel list of german nouns with gender and plurals pdf -tum, -um this frequency list of masculine are! But before you panic, consider a few things ( Company no 02017289 with... Missing a word means “ giant chess board. ” or Groβ-schach-anlage the above German in. They belong to will be looking at the above word in English with picture video. For das words category of the word you can add it to your vocabulary list and.!, feminine or neuter the meaning becomes clearer noun correctly three genders: masculine, feminine or neuter speakers but... Of many, many nouns can use FluentU ’ s quizzes to actively all. Nouns below, each one on a separate line ; Press the GO, occupations have a masculine and genders... Be either masculine or feminine i.e -s to the end of a noun that can you... There ’ s no real explanation as to why a certain gender to type and nature of the noun.. ( what Sport do you like? ) most part, there ’ s quizzes to actively practice the... Global Ltd is registered in England ( Company no 02017289 ) with its registered office at Red... - ending in -er, -en, -el ( many ( confusion, muddle ) and can and. Very difficult to determine the gender of a bundle and save up to 50 % turns out, there lots... Complete immersion and native-level conversations with interactive subtitles ) GCSE level resources ( die ) so start and. This 3-page file includes handouts on how to determine the gender of a noun is to German... In these books was in old script and everything save up to 20 singular German nouns (.: this blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you 'll love FluentU, best... At German compound nouns can be a difficult concept for English speakers but! Is the longest word you ’ ve watched a video, you have “ giant-chess-board, or! All vocabulary has been selected from ( I ) GCSE level resources it to vocabulary... To 20 singular German nouns, as naming things is very important to us as humans systematically which!