Treatment mainly involves taking care of yourself, such as getting enough rest, eating a healthy diet and drinking plenty of fluids. Mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr: What's the connection? Epstein-Barr virus and infectious mononucleosis. What websites do you recommend? Patient’s description of sore throat, the main symptom of streptococcal pharyngitis, along with fever and swollen lymph nodes provide reason for this differential diagnosis. He or she will look for signs such as swollen lymph nodes, tonsils, liver or spleen, and consider how these signs relate to the symptoms you describe. What are the likeliest causes of my symptoms or condition? You may take over-the-counter pain relievers to treat a fever or sore throat. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Accessed Oct. 26, 2015. Besides getting plenty of rest, these steps can help relieve symptoms of mononucleosis: Take an over-the-counter pain reliever. It's also called the \"kissing disease\" because kissing is a common method of transmission.Before 5 years of age, 50% of individuals are infected by EBV. The classic symptoms of this illness tend to occur more frequently among teenagers, especially those 15 to 17 years old, and in adults in their 20s. Infectious mononucleosis; an analysis of 100 cases with particular attention to diagnosis, liver function tests and treatment of selected cases with prednisone. Infectious mononucleosis is caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus type 4) and is characterized by fatigue, fever, pharyngitis, and lymphadenopathy. Have you been exposed to anyone with mononucleosis? Mononucleosis, also called mono or the kissing disease, is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. Epstein-Barr virus is spread through bodily fluids. Treatment mainly involves taking care of yourself, such as getting enough rest, eating a healthy diet and drinking plenty of fluids. Children and teens can have the virus for 4 to 7 weeks before symptoms show up. The sore throat slowly gets worse. Mononucleosis typically occurs between early childhood and early adulthood and is ordinarily self-limiting as the patient develops EBV-specific immunity. Epstein-Barr virus infection. A guide to utilization of the microbiology laboratory for diagnosis of infectious diseases: 2018 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Society for Microbiology. Mononucleosis, also known as \"mono,\" is an infectious disease that is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (a herpes virus). Clinical manifestations and treatment of Epstein-Barr virus infection. Sullivan JL. You may take over-the-counter pain relievers to treat a fever or sore throat. Pathophysiology and clinical presentation – correct diagnosis. By 40 years of age, 90% of individuals are infected. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. It has been estimated that approximately 50% of students have had mono by the time they enroll in college. Ask your doctor about when it's safe for you to resume your normal level of activity. Aronson MD, et al. Preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of your time with your doctor. (Contopoulos-Ioannidis, D.G., Maldonado, Y., & Montoya, J.G., 2013), If you have trouble accessing this page and need to request an alternate format, contact [email protected] Symptoms may develop slowly and may not all occur at the same time.These symptoms include: 1. extreme fatigue 2. fever 3. sore throat 4. head and body aches 5. swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits 6. swollen liver or spleen or both 7. rashEnlarged spleen and a swollen liver are less common symptoms. This infectious disease can be spread by saliva, and the incubation period for mono is four to eight weeks. Infectious mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/herpesviruses/infectious-mononucleosis. Without a doubt, you'll need to take it easy for a while. Fever; Sore throat; Swollen lymph glands Students need to let their schools know they are recovering from mononucleosis and may need special considerations to keep up with their work. Most Americans have had an EBV infection by age 40 years. Patients presenting with fever and swollen lymph glands with complaints of sore throat and recent fatigue provide rationale for this differential diagnosis. A variant of mononucleosis that is milder than EBV infectious mononucleosis is caused by the cytomegalovirus (CMV). Infectious mononucleosis is a clinical syndrome caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that is particularly common in adolescents and children. Allow me to break this a little. Most people recover in two to four weeks; however, feeling tired may last for … Aronson MD, et al. Patients presenting with fever and swollen lymph glands with complaints of sore throat and recent fatigue provide rationale for this differential diagnosis. Infectious mononucleosis (“mono”) is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Infectious mononucleosis. Other viruses can also cause mononucleosis. (Kane, K.S.,  Ryder, J.B., Johnson, R.A., Braden, H.P., & Stratigos, 2009). http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/reyes_syndrome/reyes_syndrome.htm. Infectious mononucleosis (often termed mono) is a disease most often caused by a virus. Symptoms of mono include. Infectious Diseases A-Z: When a kiss is more than a kiss, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter. Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is characterized by a triad of fever, tonsillar pharyngitis, and lymphadenopathy [ 1 ]. The diagnosis 'infectious mononucleosis' is primarily used when the syndrome is caused by EBV; 'mononucleosis syndrome' should be used when the syndrome is caused by a non-EBV aetiology. Mono occurs most often in teens and young adults. Antibiotics don't work against viral infections such as mono. Am J Med Sci . Most signs and symptoms of mononucleosis ease within a few weeks, but it may be two to three months before you feel completely normal. If you suspect you have mononucleosis, see your family doctor. Both EBV and CMV are members of the herpes virus family: In the U.S., most adults between 35 and 40 years old have been infected with the Epstein-Barr virus. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Typical symptoms of infectious mononucleosis usually appear four to six weeks after you get infected with EBV. Accessed Aug. 10, 2018. Most people are infected by the virus as children, when the disease produces few or no symptoms. It’s also called mono or “the kissing disease.” You … The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it’s sometimes called “kissing disease.” Mono occurs most often in teens and young adults (NIH MedlinePlus, 2014). Do I need to stay home from work or school? The disease is sometimes known as glandular fever, because it causes lymph glands to swell up. Infectious mononucleosis in adults and adolescents. There's no specific therapy available to treat infectious mononucleosis. Symptoms and signs include chills, followed by fever, sore throat (often severe), enlarged tonsils, swollen lymph glands especially in the neck, muscle aches, headaches and severe fatigue. Be patient with your body as it fights the infection. Infectious mononucleosis is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014. Antibiotics don't work against viral infections such as mono. Toxoplasma gondii is the result due to an infection from the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, which is one of the world’s most common parasites. Epstein-Barr virus is a member of the herpesvirus family and is one of the most common viruses that infects humans. Infectious mononucleosis (called \"mono\" for short) is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a virus that affects nearly everybody at some point. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 3, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. For young people, having mononucleosis will mean some missed activities — classes, team practices and parties. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Reye's syndrome information page. The diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis (mono) is usually made based on the symptoms, findings in a physical examination, and blood tests. See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is often called the kissing disease. I have other health conditions. Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. However, approximately 10% of those with IM are not acutely infected with EBV and many of these have symptoms attributable to … Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is usually a self-limiting infection, most often caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which is a human herpes virus. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Rupture of the spleen results in severe bleeding and is a medical emergency. Mono is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or similar viruses, but strep throat and some other conditions may need to be ruled out. Some may develop a measles-like rash, jaundice and tiny spots resembling bruises inside the mouth. Infectious mononucleosis, also known as glandular fever, is an infection usually caused by the Epstein–Barr virus. Infectious mononucleosis, also known as glandular fever, can emerge as a result of infection with EBV, or herpes virus 4. Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, including: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Infectious mononucleosis may begin slowly with fatigue, a general ill feeling, headache, and sore throat. It’s most common in teens and young adults. How long should I stay home? Accessed Oct. 26, 2015. But plan on staying home from school and other activities until you're feeling better. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If you have mononucleosis, you don't necessarily need to be quarantined. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is, as its name well says, a virus and the source of infectious mononucleosis. 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