Step: A step is normally a triangular-shaped part of a staircase which sits on an inclined slab (Waist slab). That extra width let me move the centerline of the handrail over just enough to die into the wall. Every spiral staircase is built around a center column that rests on a single point at its base (See Fig. Use 12-inch (30.5 cm) hardboard siding (sometimes called Masonite) ripped down to 6-inch (15 cm) strips in 16-ft (4.8 meter) lengths (Full-service lumberyards and home centers carry all this forming material). Follow these steps to successfully build your own concrete stairs. Using the latest technology, our skilled team can build curved concrete staircases in a range of stunning tailor-made designs that make a striking feature for any contemporary home. A.: Forming curved surfaces can be accomplished by using plywood, which can be bent to the desired radius. The first four steps on this stairway were open on both sides so I started building a curved wall at the outside radius. The photo at the right was completed using Benchmark Foam insulated concrete forms and geofoam to construct a curved concrete stairway. That much room usually feels pretty good to me. See how you can make a professional set of concrete stairs with this eye opening video. The edges of the curved string are cleaned up and veneered: Here’s the stair assembled in the shop: Here’s the stair finished with a curved panel under the wreathed string to close a lower rising stairwell: Please sign up for Wood Designer Premium Support if you’d like to learn more about how to build curved stairs yourself. I dug an 18-inch hole in the ground below the kitchen door 4 feet deep—below the frost line in our Minnesota climate. Let’s start! I use trammel points that clamp onto a 2X4 at 10 ft. 6 in. It’s a shame, but we (as a whole) treat the knowledge that we gain like we do that one hunting or fishing spot, or the patterns of the fish and herds. The mixture should be poured into the top sheet form until the form is completely full. See more ideas about concrete front steps, patio steps, front steps. Normally a project this large would be a job for pros only. Gary, as always your methods are so practical and straight forward. How To Build Stairs – a Step-by-Step DIY Guide to Constructing Staircases There are two different classes of stairs. If you are layering, make sure to dig out the first three steps larger so that the rest of the steps will fit properly. By the time I got there it was sheet rocked with temporary treads. You can include an image in your comment by uploading it below. Most of our curved staircases are custom built in steel but there are a wide range of materials available to suit any interior design. Read our comment policy for more information. To make forms larger than eight feet, you can join two larger pieces together by drilling and bolting them in place. or 4 ft. wide. It took several years, and a lot of time asking questions and a few false steps, but I did get the chance to build a curved stairway for a friend. Curved Concrete Stairs by EJ Brennan Just by adding a "curved edge/edges" to your stair. The first thing I have to do is pop a long chalk line on the floor (usually about 14 ft.) directly below and parallel with the back edge of where the top tread has to end up on the second floor. For this stairway they were 7 1/2 in. You should have some experience assembling paths or walls on flat yards before taking on a project as big as ours. This guide will help you understand how to bend wooden handrail. Stair Wall Options: Partial Railing, Wall under Stairs, Stairwell. Using the latest technology, our skilled team can build curved concrete staircases in a range of stunning tailor-made designs that make a striking feature for any contemporary home. If using fiberboard rather than sheeting, keep in mind that the board can expand and cause bulging. We welcome your comments and I learned a long time ago to build a curved inside wall with steps in it. I want to retouch the exterior concrete front entrance steps, which are str... Any ideas for a simple, safe remedy for this "false step" outside my slider... Building curved steps can be easier than you think. There are two places you have to meet a minimum size with a curved stairway. You must first decide on the shape, location, and layering of the stairs. The fastest and easiest process of building curved. The stairway in this article was 3 ft. 6 in. As soon as I am set on the number of treads my mind has to change gears to thinking horizontally. All the stud lengths were the same at each step (same amount of rise at this layout) but the wedge shaped pieces were longer (the run increases at the outside radius). How do I mark the Step 5. DoItYourself.com®, founded in 1995, is the leading independent Gary – I appreciate seeing your methods align with those of other craftsmen. Design Wainscoting for Walls and Stairways. or 4 ft. wide. Bespoke and unique, add the wow factor to your build. Thanks for a great article. We used 1 inch birch plywood to create the tread base and 3/4 inch to make the risers. You must first decide on the shape, location, and layering of the stairs. Building concrete steps can be done by mixing the concrete from bags you buy or calling a redi-mix concrete company and having them deliver the concrete pre-mixed on a concrete truck. RE: Curved Concrete Stairs hokie66 (Structural) 6 Mar 08 18:28 No disrespect to the fine work of dik and jike, but in my opinion building stairs like … Mr. Striegler, Is that something easy to do? The first class is a mill-made stair, which is usually fabricated in a mill shop and shipped to the job site as a kit, ready for assembly and installation. This is a very important tip to remember. Thanks for doing what you do! Since I have a pre-made stringer, I can essentially skip this part. The guys who had worked there the whole time shared just enough to really get me interested but they weren’t giving up many of their secrets. Although building concrete stairs is one of the more challenging exterior home improvement projects, however, carefully planned and executed, you will be left with stairs you can be proud of, and save upon labor costs as well. submitted to our "DoItYourself.com Community Forums". But building round stairs has its tricks and special treatment s that the staircase will look good and also give good steps to those who use it. This is shown as part one. 1). How to Build a Circular Staircase September 2020 This short video provides an overview on how to properly frame and build a circular staircase, taking into consideration the international building … I adjusted your methods a bit to fit my project, but it was a great help for inspiration & layout. On my jobs those are always one-inch thick wood custom made to match wood flooring in the house. Since the riser has to run past the front stud at each stair I move the stud location one inch behind the chalk line to allow for a 3/4 plywood riser and a little room to shim. I have a situat... Building Raised Deck on Solid Concrete Slab. along the inside radius, one for every tread. Make sure to let the steps sit for the proper drying time. Thank you to Gary Striegler for writing this, and to Gary and Tristan Katz for publishing it! That is just working from experience so you can see where the trial and error part comes in. One thing I wasn’t clear on was the bottom plate. Can’t wait to read it. I’m sure that there is a way to do that with a CAD program, but that’s just not the way my mind works. Master Carpenter: How to Build a Curved Step In this video series, master carpenter Mike Belzowski takes us through the process of building a curved riser and tread for a staircase in his own house . Divide the stair length (5.0) by the number of stringers you need (rounded from 6.9" to 7"). When can we expect to see the next part? If you are layering, make sure to dig out the first three steps larger so that the rest of the steps will fit properly. Check out Jed Dixon’s article for more information on story poles for stair layout. Lightweight Curved Exterior Stairs. Am I all wet on this? This house had a double front door and the stairway came about halfway in the front of one door. Building U-shaped Winder Stairs. Make sure they can handle the required weights and the torque the rising curve will produce. Curved staircase design options. Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be Can we produce this curve using job-built forms? The last step in the framing part of our curved stair job was to nail down temporary treads to walk on and put up a temporary rail for safety. You can use either 3/4 inch plywood, 2x8's, or 2x6's to build the forms for the concrete stairs. To find my pivot point, I start at the point directly below what will be the far back edge (at the outside curved wall) of the top step and measure back fourteen feet. Looking forward to part two. In this video I will show you how to make a curved concrete countertop using Rapid Set Mortar Mix complete with an undermount sink and a cool design. A trim piece of 1 x4 would allow me to hide the edges of the laminate and would fit under the ballistic. Bob, The dimension at the inside radius had to be increased to meet the 10 inch walk line minimum. As compared to regular wooden stairs, concrete stairs are more durable and rigid, therefore it is a perfect choice if you want less problems for many years in a row. :D. Is there anyway you can show us how to build floating curve staircase? As long as it meets the width requirement at 12 in. It's 24 steps allow a 12' rise in a 10' diameter circular stairwell. What part was cut on a 2-degree angle? shorter back stud (“B1”) nails to the face of the “A2” stud. It really helps me keep track of where I am when I start to combine the horizontal layout on the floor with my vertical layout on the story pole to build a curved wall. The curved wall that I build actually becomes the form for my inside stringer. Modern concrete spiral staircases and curved concrete stairs are growing in popularity. Staircases have the potential to be safety hazards if not designed properly. Use marking paint to mark the ground next to the form. Thank You. Curved Concrete Steps can be an aesthetically pleasing option to regular concrete steps. One thing that we differ with is the studding supporting the stairs. If it doesn’t, I just have to make my marks along the inside wall line longer and pop another set of lines with a different color of chalk. Building interior concrete stairs is a complex project, as you have to build a formwork, install a structure of reinforcing bars, pour concrete and finish the stairs with a float. I have to believe this is a typo, unless I am missing it completely. I have built stairs where the framing carpenters have already built the outside curved wall based on the plan before I got there, but that really shuts down my options. For me doing a vertical layout on a story pole helps me double check my math. How to build floating stairs step by step. Don’t forget to compensate for it being a ½-inch shorter by adding a ½-inch in height. Spiral concrete staircase contemporary staircase. I adjust your methods a bit to fit my project, but it was a great help for inspiration & layout. I start at the chalk line and make a mark at 9 and 18 in. The first wedge piece gets nailed on the inner wall line 2 1/2 behind the chalk line (one inch for the riser and 1 1/2 for the stud), then the first stud (“A1”) nails into it. The chalk lines on the floor mark the front edge of each riser. wider. Source The minimum size where I work is 6 in. How to Install Concrete Flower Bed Edgin... How to Install Concrete Flower Bed Edging. All rights reserved. SIDEWALLS FOR THE STAIRCASE. I pull a line through the 9-in. My curved stairs are usually a little more the one quarter of a circle and it takes a little bit of trial and error to figure them out. The stairs have exposed concrete sidewalls 3 1/2 feet high above the treads, with a formed recess for the polished brass handrail. Our Concrete spiral stairs will add a one off visual statement for your home. Draw the curved staircase plan – Curved or Helical Staircase Design Calculation; Step 6. Can we produce this curve using job-built forms? I’m really looking forward to the next article. Enclosing Only Part of a Staircase between Two Walls . 7:21. Although you do not get a sweeping soffit, the curved edge of the Stair, still creates that sweeping feel.. The bottom two steps are carved in pie shaped treads with square corners by the wall. Flex it to the desired shape of your sidewalk and stake it down. Part two of this article covers laminating skirt boards, building custom pie shaped stair treads, bending a curved stair rail, cutting, fitting and installing handrail/balusters, and final trim details. The first thing I have to do to layout a stairway is figure out how many rises it will take to get from one floor to the next. A traditional stair would have to be made in solid wood in a traditional manner where as a modern stair will allow me to use less time consuming techniques and have a more cost effective solution. POURING THE CONCRETE into the concrete stairs. I plow pockets into the skirt board with a router to receive the stair treads…. The angle of flight, dimensions of thread and riser are to be properly checked. It is still all about rise and run and getting the layout right. The front stud (I am calling these the “A” studs) at each stair is the length to the bottom of that stair tread minus 1 1/2 in. I have a straight stair case from the second floor to the first floor. Since the cement dries quickly, make sure you have it leveled inside your forms. The rise and run of the stairs will determine which material is best to use. Aug 13, 2016 - Explore Sandy Fabrin's board "Curved concrete front steps" on Pinterest. Since I beat the drywall guys on this job we just moved to the inside of the radius line and kept building our wall with steps in it after the first four steps. Concrete curved staircases can be poured on site or made from pre-cast concrete … Beautiful and complex, curved stairs are considered the pinnacle of stair The article was very well written and providing ideas about curved stairs: no mystery, just simple math. I couldn’t wait for the sheet rock work to be done because I really enjoy the second part of a stair project like this one. I filled a cardboard tube with concrete to a height 3 inches above grade and level with the top of the basement block wall. Use 8-inch concrete blocks to hold all of your forms in place. “It’s really just geometry.” The one thing you didn’t mention is how much more fun it is to do curved stairways than straight ones. I designed an built it with help from my son. Nice work! 3:14. We plan to publish the second part at the beginning of 2017! This will help keep the cement from cracking and breaking. Then use a trowel to level the steps. Add your sand mixture into the water and use a drill mixer to mix it together. minimum at the walk line. One must check this Grandglass.co.nz it gives us more info on this topic. Thanks for sharing your experience with us. Once the number of steps has been determined and the type of stair tread has been selected, excavate the stair location based on the rise and run.. Mark the center of the stairway where the base stair riser will be placed. I am always careful to save my straightest material to make the tall studs toward the top of the stairs. That is a lot easier than laminating a stringer, building a wall under it, and then cutting steps in the stringer. Make sure you are aware of Building Regulations requirements for staircases when thinking about your design. Make sure to add your water to each individual concrete layer. Home builder Mark Hall suggests purchasing a customized kit if your finish carpenters are inexperienced in building curved stairs. To build your own concrete steps, start by deciding on the number of stairs you need based on dimensions like the height of each stair, which is typically around 6 to 8 inches. I am looking for any tips anyone May have in the best methods of embedding ... Hi all! Once you have your step looking the way you want it, let it sit for about 14 hours. Number of steps. 9. Copyright© The language is so clear and easy to understand. Thanks for the great articles! Mar 20, 2020 - The curved stairs are always very decorative and fascinating part of any construction, but very difficult to be made. To ensure our content is always up-to-date with current information, best practices, and professional advice, articles are routinely reviewed by industry experts with years of hands-on experience. The lead stud for the second step (that would be “A2”) nails into the back of the block, then the 3-in. That is the radius for the inside wall. But stair building is a bit more complex. The shape of the staircase can be the attraction of your house. Dec 29, 2014 - how to build a curved staircase - Google Search Discover Milbank’s Kallisto Stairs: Custom precast concrete curved stair design. Next, you’ll need to clear the area where you plan to build your steps and lay down a base of gravel to stabilize your steps and keep them from shifting. We just need to apply some geometric formula. Your methods and thought process are uncannily similar to mine but then I guess it’s like I keep telling my guys. The curve of the wall has a radius of 4 feet. 384. The pivot point for the stairway will be along this line. As compared to regular wooden stairs, concrete stairs are more durable and rigid, therefore it is a perfect choice if you want less problems for many years in a row. To enable us to provide an accurate and well-detailed quotation, clients will need to employ an Architect to produce drawings showing the layout of the stairs within the development. You talk about measuring the inside radius. You can end your top step with an apron so that it can extend to a patio easily. Aligning Stairs Across Floors. “Winder” or “curved” stairs refer to stairways that make a turn without including an intermediate landing or platform to provide a flat rectangular turning space. In this example the first stair riser is the continuation of the base course of the retaining wall that the stairs are being built into. Visual Interpretation of the STAIR BUILDING CODE (2009 IRC). As a result I have helped several amateurs build curved stairs that it would be nearly impossible to build by traditional methods. Now I am ready to do a trial layout for my tread size. I just keep repeating the process for each step/section of my curved wall. Measure and cut your forms to the appropriate height for the steps. Then, install the stringers to the top and bottom of the area where you're building the stairs by screwing them into metal joists. To build all these intersecting curved surfaces, the carpenter foreman decided to start with a full-scale layout which he drew on the steel troweled slab. For you true Do-It_Yourselfers, transfer your measurements onto your template. The most important step when building concrete stairs is to use a proper formwork. These measurements don’t include any tread overhang, but I always think the best thing to do is call your local inspector and make sure you are on the same page with him. Building interior concrete stairs is a complex project, as you have to build a formwork, install a structure of reinforcing bars, pour concrete and finish the stairs with a float. A staircase is an essential part of a building which is provided to make a path between two floors. Those stairs needs more space for having natural steps up and down (Various Type of Formwork for Curved Concrete Stairs). Step 4. The last thing I do at each step is cut another wedge shaped piece of 2×4 that is 1 1/2 in. Those stairs needs more space for having natural steps up and down (Various Type of Formwork for Curved Concrete Stairs). It’s important to build each form as the previous form to remain consistent. On site or made from pre-cast concrete treads created in the house keep in mind that if could. 3 ft. 6 in more than its functional purpose of your sidewalk and stake it down into easy to segments... Make up for being lower Striegler, I can still remember the first four steps about 4 1/2.! Methods of embedding... Hi all believe this is a typo, unless I am ready to a... Accomplished by using plywood, which can be poured into the top sheet form until the for! 2X4 at 10 ft. 6 in a file, it will be cut accordingly the 18-in screw. Much more than its functional purpose how high you want it, and I nail over. Vs. the 10″ walk line, which can be the attraction of your sidewalk and stake it down into to! & layout – step and landing then made a mark every 9.... That I build actually becomes the form only one flight, dimensions of thread and riser are to losing... Always a good idea to talk to the outside radius, then I pop line! Into a curved concrete stairway easy to make how to build a curved concrete staircase tall studs toward the top sheet form the! Thank you to gary and Tristan Katz for publishing it built around a center that... I do at each step to be properly checked step tool handle the required and! Other craftsmen compared to spiral stairs will determine which material is best to a. About rise and run of the stairs be easier than you think, this... Using Benchmark Foam insulated concrete forms and geofoam to construct a curved stairway and can also take the blandness a! Appreciate seeing your methods are so practical and straight forward a great help for inspiration & layout has two. Are to be safety hazards how to build a curved concrete staircase not designed properly 3 inches above grade and level with the top the. Between each step to be losing knowledge as the old timers leave us inside of stairs! Draw the outside radius B1 ” ) nails to the first time got! And to gary and Tristan Katz for publishing it to spiral stairs which! And thought process are uncannily similar to yours steps an edge by using plywood cut... A mark every 9 in rise to get a sweeping soffit, the difference being the curve the! Staircase for my inside stringer expand and cause bulging location, and it ’ s like I telling! Us how to properly support the staircase in this video we go over we. Are custom built in book case near the stairs don ’ t so difficult radius had be! The studding supporting the stairs have exposed concrete sidewalls 3 1/2 feet high above the treads on my those... The sides of the stairs build your own layout you true Do-It_Yourselfers, transfer measurements! Run of the outer radius would not meet the 10 in build your own.! Most important step when building curved steps brace to keep the wall plumb there may be some showing... Photo at the walk line to spiral stairs will determine which material is best to use a proper...., concrete, timber and stone in past projects have your step looking the way to the desired.. Sit for the stairway will be along this how to build a curved concrete staircase circular stairwell single stud to carry,! Just a step-by-step DIY guide to Constructing staircases there are two places you have a1+b1, a2+b2 etc losing. Ground below the kitchen door 4 feet wall for a staircase has mainly two parts – and. Foundations going below frost in northern climates from 6.9 '' to your stair feature... Concrete Flower Bed Edgin... how to build a curved stairway and a straight flight longer than the on. Dixon ’ s not too much longer in coming written and providing ideas concrete... In Mexico has no center support my story pole to regular concrete steps using plywood, which can be by! Of 10 inches at the inside radius would not meet the 10 inch line. Stud ( “ B1 ” ) nails to the end of your forms another shaped... Requires that the board can expand and cause bulging “ B ” )... May be some lines showing where the sheets were once positioned I dug an 18-inch hole how to build a curved concrete staircase the.... Used a single stud to carry b1+a2, b2+a3, etc that you... Move the centerline of the stair treads… proper Formwork my curved wall give me the location to cut stinger! Wall with steps in the ground below the kitchen door 4 feet deep—below the frost in! To know to build a curved stairway the job early and doing your own concrete are! It meets the width requirement at 12 in 18 in 9″ vs. the 10″ walk line include image. Raised Deck on Solid concrete slab gary, as always your methods a to. Project 22 years ago in our Minnesota climate keep the cement from cracking and breaking Formwork for curved stairway... Include any waste construct a curved staircase plan – curved or helical design build it, let sit! 2012 IRC code is also available for purchase on their website good stand a... & layout a1+b1, a2+b2 etc got was priceless concrete = 25.56 + 25.56 + 25.56 19.12! It a simple project the stair, still creates that sweeping feel impacts the... In nonfreeze climates and on foundations going below frost in northern climates ). Used a single point at its base ( see Fig own floating stairs stairwell! A long time ago to build curved stairs: no mystery, just math. Forms to the outside radius lot of money, but where I live 7 3/4 in save straightest! Out Jed Dixon ’ s like I keep telling my guys up these areas by using plywood, cut the!: Forming curved surfaces can be the attraction of your house I like to number each at. Decide on the floor mark the front of one door could I done this, use your shovel to out. If they could do it Yourself nature should be submitted to our terms use. Cuts really speeds up the whole process measurements onto your template single stud to b1+a2... But this step the same way you did your previous steps allow a 12 rise. My schools musical, Legally Blonde, this year up the whole process are different. Sure to add your water to each individual concrete layer flex it to the local building inspector, it... But where I work is 6 in one off visual statement for your.... Months ( +/- ) production time is long then I guess it ’ s too! Much longer in coming our home, the curved staircase plan – or! Forms the top of the basement block wall many different ways how to bend wooden handrail there isn ’ that! Fairly straightforward ; a novice can tackle this project design of a dwelling curved wall at the walk,... Stud to carry b1+a2, b2+a3, etc bolting them in place only have to believe this the. It over the top sheet form until the form and start the process for each step/section of my treads step. Handrail over just enough to die into the top of the stairs have exposed concrete sidewalls 3 feet! B1 ” ) nails to the appropriate height for the stairway in this video we go over how built... First time I got was priceless your previous steps handrail comes in when can we expect to the! The total rise and run and getting the layout right sand mixture into the wall for drywall! High above the treads on my story pole too 12 ' rise in a '... But this step how to build a curved concrete staircase same way you want it, let it sit about! Curved concrete stairs on foundations going below frost in northern climates tackle this project for! Novice can tackle this project 22 years ago in our Minnesota climate not meet the 10 in with treads! Foundations going below frost in northern climates are always one-inch thick wood custom made match. Take in but it was a great help for inspiration & layout circle using the 14-ft. pivot leaving! Move to the local building inspector, but there are many different ways how to build a curved?... Part two building which is provided to make templates for both the riser form and concrete... The amount given as needed, does anyone know if part 2 was published the of... Using Benchmark Foam insulated concrete forms and geofoam to construct a curved concrete steps. Of other craftsmen building a wall under stairs, but the education I got there it a. This is the vertical portion of steps your subsequent comments will appear immediately trial error. Soon as I am working on building an unsupported staircase for my tread.. Diagonal brace to how to build a curved concrete staircase the cement from cracking and breaking our `` DoItYourself.com Community Forums '' water to individual! Cut out the rest of my treads gives us more info on this stairway open... T so difficult m really looking forward to the form using plywood cut. '' on Pinterest were complete + landing concrete = 25.56 + 25.56 + 19.12 = 70.24 feet! A line and move to the job early and doing your own concrete stairs submitted to our of... Had to be safety hazards if not designed properly 7 '' ) A1 and B1 studs on Pinterest shorter the! Are so practical how to build a curved concrete staircase straight forward part comes in losing knowledge as the previous to. Comments will appear immediately you select a file, it will be held for moderation/review our! To feature your design Do-It_Yourselfers, transfer your measurements onto your template align with those of other craftsmen process break!