Brightness is always adjusted in percentages, so -30% makes the image 30% darker, and +30% makes it that much lighter. One of the challenges in using pictures is finding the right image. This section covers the wide range of charts that Excel offers. For a real treat, you can build a toolbar with custom macros (and even attach them to custom buttons) that perform related tasks. 1. A stock chart displays specialized charts for stocks. B: Incorrect. That way, it's easier to see custom borders and shading, which you can use to draw attention to the important cells. The difference is that the space between the line and the bottom (category) axis is completely filled in. 3. You can fill your data in this workbook, and, when you save it, Excel prompts you to choose a new file name. Figure 6-2.This worksheet has two picture objects: a logo in the top-left corner, and a book cover image on the right. For example, if you sort by Category and Model Name, Excel first separates the records into alphabetically ordered category groups. This data is perfect for a column chart, but different subtypes emphasize different aspects of the data, as you can see in Figure 4-16. D: Correct. However, the Selection and Visibility pane is much easier to use. Once you have the list in the correct order, select the range of cells that contains the list. Instead, you'll usually format the whole series so that different lines stand out from one another. 8. Excel's clipart and shape drawing features (both of which you'll use later in this chapter) use fully resizable vector graphics. You can also choose No Fill to make the shape transparent so that other shapes (and your worksheet data) show through. Continue this process until you've grouped the Computer Software, Computer Hardware, and Missing Manual Books slices into the standalone bar. The contrast is a measure of how much difference exists between the brightest and darkest colors. Once you've finished entering a custom list, click Add to store the list for future use. As you can see, the area chart makes a more dramatic point about the rising sales in Region 2. Either way, remember to click OK to make your choices take effect. It shows a total made up from three components—$72,000 (Region 1), $54,000 (Region 2), and $34,300 (Region 3). But it's important to realize that everything you add to a chart is its own distinct ingredient, and you can tweak each ingredient independently—even the data labels that identify important values (page 5-10). And once you learn your way around the rest of the formatting options, you'll be able to really spiff up your chart. B: Incorrect. Banding:  A pattern of alternating shading that separates one row or column from the next. But you'll probably be surprised to see Excel's sophisticated built-in picture-tweaking features. B: False is incorrect. This number controls where the category axis line crosses the value axis. You don't get a chance to confirm the deletion process, but you can reverse it by using the Undo feature (hit Ctrl+Z) immediately after it finishes. Of course, it never hurts to remove the possibility for error by explicitly selecting what you want to use before you get started. You can choose how Excel combines the data, including whether it totals, averages or multiplies the numbers, and so on. Combination charts don't just let you compare different units of data. Each series has one point on each spoke, and a line connects all the points in the series, forming a closed shape. So, all you need to know to integrate your custom templates with Excel's is where to save your files. This click pops open a menu with extra choices. In the following sections, you'll learn even more about how to make the perfect chart. These are the tiny lines on the axis that help you judge the scale. Figure 5-3.Before you can begin tweaking your chart's formatting, you need to know the names of the different elements you'll find on a chart, all of which are labeled here. It is true that data consolidation works with any sort of tabular data. Some tables are quite sophisticated, with multiple levels, subtotals, and summary information. Excel stores them in a special folder on your computer (more on that later). Every chart style includes settings that determine: •    The colors for each series (which may be displayed as bars, lines, points, or something else). Figure 5-23.This example shows the comparison between age and reaction time from the last chapter (Figure 4-21). Excel will send you straight to the Templates folder. As you move the point, Excel "pulls" the rest of the shape along with it. To remove a group after you've established it, expand the group, select all the columns, and then choose Data?Outline?Ungroup. In Excel spreadsheets, the s stands for spreadsheet (.xlsx), whereas in template files the t stands for template (.xltx). The other important point about trendlines is that they can predict values you don't have. This option tells Excel you're using the first row just for column headers. To clearly explain what's going on, you need to make sure you have the right titles and labels. The labels have been customized slightly via the Format Data Labels dialog box to shrink their font size and add a simple box border with a shadow effect. •    Banded Columns applies different formatting to each second column, if it's defined in the table style. Used creatively, text and shapes can add a little life to your worksheets. The standard value is 150, which leaves a space that's roughly equal to the width of 1.5 columns. In the sales worksheet shown in Figure 2-7, you can click 3 to show the whole worksheet, 2 to show just the subtotals, or 1 to hide all the sales tables. For example, imagine you're filtering a list of products to focus on all those that top $100. To make your selection, drag over the column headers so that you've selected the entire column. On the other hand, if it's 85 with 90 percent humidity, it feels to a human observer like a balmy 102. Best of all, the whole process is so seamless you don't even notice you're downloading a template from the Web. With charts and graphics, you have the tools necessary to add some pizzazz to your spreadsheets. C: Incorrect. As you drag a cropping handle, Excel hides the outlying part of the picture (Figure 6-5). A legend is a separate box off to the side of the chart that contains one entry for each data series in a chart. 1. When you first create a table, you start out with a fairly ordinary set of colors: a gray– blue combination that makes your table stand out from the rest of the worksheet. First, it extracts the text for the chart title from cell A1. So how do you put templates to work? This list includes thumbnails for a wide range of different shadow effects with different degrees of fuzziness and shadow placement. But if one series recorded sales totals in dollars and another recorded them in Euros (or even worse, recorded totally different data like the number of units sold), the chart would be inconsistent. 3. Most of the time, you won't worry too much about the size of your Excel files. Here, the surface chart represents a heat index table. Page. Usually, the banded row appears with a background fill. In technical charting terms, the regions form the category axis, while the sales figures form the value axis. Whenever you select the picture, the ribbon sports a new tab named Picture Tools | Format. Figure 2-6.All four tables are partially collapsed, and each has its second-level groups hidden so that they show just the total sales information for each region. You can use data labels to focus your readers' attention on a single data series or data … Instead, you can choose a preset style that applies a combination of these settings from the style gallery in the ribbon's Picture Tools | Format?Picture Styles section. Of course, it's up to you to decide which way to go. Once you select one of those options, you see the title box; click inside it, and then type in new text, as shown in Figure 5-4. The following formula would calculate the total sales in all divisions and all quarters for regular merchandise: Note: You could, of course, also calculate any of these subtotals by using the SUM() function. Or, use one of fancy presets from the Insert?Text?WordArt gallery if you want to add a text box that already has some wild formatting in place. Nomas Training & Consultancy Ltd Excel 2010 – Analysing Data Using Formulae & Pivot Tables Page 2 Moving Around Your Spreadsheet A spreadsheet is made up of a matrix of columns and rows, into which text, dates and numbers can be entered. However, you can put the exact same type of data in both files: elaborately formatted worksheets, formulas, numbers, text, and so on. Finally, you can use the Mirror list to flip the texture around. But when you use Fixed, your numbers are hard-wired into the chart, and Excel never changes them (although you may, later). Excel doesn't complain if your series use different scales—in fact, it has no way of noticing that anything's amiss. C: Correct. 7. Advanced Charting                                                                                         5-39, Review Questions & Solutions                                                                               5-47, I. Some chart types just don’t mix. Tables of data can assume a variety of shapes and sizes—from complex worksheets that track expenses, to a simple list of dishes your guests are bringing to a potluck dinner. When you're done making your changes and you're ready to see all your shapes again, click Show All. Drawing Shapes                                                                                             6-19, Review Questions & Solutions                                                                               6-35. Choose the diagram you want to use, and then click OK. Thus, even though 42 is less than 102 in a numeric sort, the text 42 is greater than 102 in an alphabetic sort, because the first character 4 comes after 1. 3. Submitted On : 2017-08-07 Taille : 904.75 Kb Downloads : 3365 Figure 5-31.These charts both compare the number of customer inquiries with the amount of sales made in each month. The projected sales values have dotted borders and a transparent fill. If you're performing filtering with text fields, you can gain even more precise control using wildcards. This raises one excellent question—namely, how does Excel decide what name your table should have? The Text pane works like a bulleted list. The formulas that use the SUBTOTAL() function are in cells C2 to C6, while the formulas that use the closest ordinary Excel function (and don't take filtering into account) are in cells D2 to D6. Figure 5-30.This example shows an overlay bar chart. Other chart types that follow the same principle include pie charts (which only allow one series), bar charts (like column charts, but oriented horizontally instead of vertically), and donut charts (where each series is a separate ring). Excessive formatting can be distracting. Note: If you don't have any formulas at all on your worksheet, you're guaranteed that Excel can't create an outline. Excel does allow you to create as many sorting levels as you would like; but just because you can, doesn’t mean you should. 2. Choose the Border Color or Line Color section. XY Scatter charts show the relationship between two different sets of numbers. With multiple groups, you'll need to do more clicking—but you have the ability to choose exactly what you want to see. (For a more professional result, you can use dedicated screen capture software like WinSnap—we do.). Each series is contained in a separate ring. The asterisk (*) matches any series of characters, while the question mark (?)