It is one of the oldest sheep breeds. One of the most fertile of sheep breeds that is hornless with good body length and a … Dorsets Sheep is commonly found in the Australia that is basically known due to its horn. Horned Dorsets originated in England and Wales and have been an identifiable breed since the 16th century. Imported into Canada during the 19th century they were, for many years, one of the cornerstones of the sheep industry. Dorsets are easy keepers and graze happily on what is available. It is a large breed of sheep that originates from Wiltshire in the South of England and is mainly bred for its outstanding meat quality. It has been known to produce two lambing seasons per year: bred in May for lambs finished by the holidays, and bred again immediately after the first lambing to produce again in March or April. Dorset ewes weigh from 150 to 200 pounds at maturity, some in show condition may very well exceed this weight, Dorset rams weigh from 225 to 275 pounds at maturity. [10] In the United Kingdom, where in the 1980s there were more than 100,000 breeding ewes,[4]:800 its status is listed by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust as "at risk", meaning that the total number is between 900 and 1500 head. It Dorset Horn At Risk on the Rare Breed Survival Trust Watchlist “The Dorset Horn came into existence hundreds of years ago, though its origins are a mystery. The head must be covered with short, dullish black hair in the black headed Dorper and dull, white hair in the White Dorper. Dorset Down rams will work at any time of the year, and because of their exceptionally high pheromone count also make very good teasers. Dorset Horn Sheep breed information. READ: Persian sheep: Putting fat back onto Dorpers. It has been known to produce two lambing seasons per year: bred in May for lambs finished by the holidays, and bred again immediately after the first lambing to produce again in March or April. Contact Us

Threatened It is mainly The Polled Dorset and Dorset Horn have diverged somewhat over the past 40 years. Ewes mated to Dorset Horn rams had higher average daily gains than those mated with the other breeds. We have approximately 300 ewes. White wool free of kemp and coloured fibre makes cross breeding with other white wool breeds acceptable. The Dorset Horn originated in Dorset in south-west England. [6] A different polled variant of the breed arose in the United States, derived from a polled sport in a flock kept by North Carolina State University. Find local native breed products near you! It is horned in both sexes, with heavy spiral horns on rams. It is documented from the seventeenth century, and is highly prolific, sometimes producing two lambing seasons per year. Additionally, the meat is succulent and tender. certainly extinct by 1837 .~9 The Dorset Horn breed, because it has characteristics which have been useful to the sheep farmer over the years, remains today. The fleece has a good staple with is compact and firm to the touch. The Canadian Horned Dorset type owes more to the older style British animal. [4]:800 The Dorset Horn reached Australia in 1895,[8] and New Zealand in 1897. The Dorper is now being bred throughout the Middle East, the … It is one of the oldest sheep breeds. The mature Dorset Down ram can reach weight up to 110 kg(240 lb) and ewe weight is 70 kg(150lb). The horns are the most distinguishing and attractive physical characteristics of the Dorset Horn. The Australians, noted for their shepherding skills, soon realised the potential of the sheep to improve their existing stock and imported the Dorset Horn. By 1936, Dorset Horn rams had sired the best lambs, in terms of weight gain and carcass quality, from Merino ewes. The ram choice for the breed development was a Dorset Horned sheep. The Dorset Horn (or Horned Dorset) is of conservation interest. It is documented from the seventeenth century, and is highly prolific, sometimes producing two lambing seasons per year. Appearance bright with feminine characteristics. The Dorper sheep was developed in the 1930’s by the Department of Agriculture of South Africa when they did a crossing with a Dorset Horn Ram and Blackhead Persian ewes. The Dorset Horned sheep is a non-seasonal breeder, meaning they don’t just breed in the fall. Suffolks are prolific, early maturing sheep with excellent mutton carcasses.They are energetic, and the whole carriage is alert, showing stamina and quality. The sheep are given as much pasture time as the seasons allow us. If this is your aim look no further than the Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep. They have distinctive pink nose. Head of great beauty with strong horns growing from the head, well apart on the crown in a straight line with each other and coming downwards or forwards in graceful curves or curls close to the face, but allowing at maturity, unimpaired vision. The Wiltshire Horn sheep is rather a unique breed of sheep in that it does not need to be sheered as it naturally sheds its short wool and hair coat in the spring. A blaze must not continue in front of the horn … With regard to the Horn Ewe the horns much smaller and more delicate that in the Ram. They were something like the later The Dorper sheep is a South African mutton breed developed in the 1930’s from the Dorset Horn and Blackheaded Persian. The Poll Dorset is a short wool, meat producing sheep that was developed in Australia between 1937 and 1954 with the aim of breeding a true Dorset type sheep without horns. Dorset Horn Top. For more information visit the Dorset Horn Sheep Breeders Association. They have also been used in dairying. Horned Dorsets originated in England and Wales and have been an identifiable breed since the 16th century. This Polled Dorset was registered with the breed association – the Continental Dorset Club – from 1956; as elsewhere, it soon became more widespread than the original horned type. The breed has many Downs-type characteristics, its purity of color suggests long wool breeds. Securing the future of our rare and native breeds of livestock, RBST is excited to announce that it has just welcomed the rare Albion cattle onto the Watchlist, as a recognised UK native rare breed, Rare Breeds Survival Trust is a company limited by guarantee registered in England under number 1204694 and registered as a Charity number 269442, Registered office Rare Breeds Survival Trust, Stoneleigh Park, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, CV82LG, 2 Red Poll In-Calf Breeding Cows with Calves at Foot - Staffs, Rarely available beautiful Kerry cows - West Sussex, Rare Breed Briefing -Using pigs in conservstion grazing, Rare Breed Briefing -Why you should be using native ponies for conservation grazing, UK Working Class Horse Heroes Facing Extinction, Rare Albion cattle recognised on the RBST Watchlist. The breed probably developed from crossing the tan-faced sheep of Dorset with a Merino-type breed. The purebred Dorset Down lamb can reach an 18kg carcass weight within 12 weeks. The Dorset Horn sheep is one of the earliest recorded breeds of British Sheep with the first Flock Book being established in 1892, and its adaptability was soon recognised world wide. : 800 Lambs are medium sized and there are few lambing problems. The ram choice for the breed development was a Dorset Horned sheep. It is horned in both sexes, with heavy spiral horns on rams. An abnormally high mortality rate occurred under mature Dorset Horn sheep as a consequence of low resistance to infection with the lung parasite muellerius cappilaris. The Dorset Horn is best suited to warm, dry conditions. Polled Dorsets were simply more easily kept and managed; they had the fertility and ability to breed out of season, without those pesky (but beautiful!) The Dorset Horn sheep is one of the earliest recorded breeds of British Sheep with the first Flock Book being established in 1892, and its adaptability was soon recognised world wide. Among British sheep, it is the only breed capable of breeding throughout the winter. The Australians prefer polled sheep for ease of management and using Ryelands were able to develop a polled variety of the Dorset Horn, the Poll Dorset. Fleeces average 5 to 9 pounds (2.3 to 4.1 kg) in the ewes with a yield between 50% and 70%. Description of a Dorset Horn Sheep . The sheep are avid grazers and use feed well. Ram’s horns are heavy and spiral, ewes horns are light and curved. The marketability of the Dorset Horn’s fleece is an additional source of income for the producer and something to be expected from a sheep that was developed at a time when the shepherd needed to obtain both meat and fiber from his flock. [10], The world-wide conservation status of the Dorset Horn was listed by the FAO as "not at risk" in 2007. Dorset Down Sheep are justly known as “king of the prime lamb breed”. The Dorset Horn is a big sheep, hardy and very active. The Dorset breed is also highly fertile and adaptable to hot conditions. Quality- 54s-58s. Qualities of high fertility, good milk production and a relatively long breeding season were present in both breeds. The Dorset Horn originated from crossing Spanish sheep with native English stock during the C16th. From about 1950, this was introduced to the United Kingdom, where it rapidly supplanted the horned variant;[4]:800 the breed association changed its name in 1981 to the Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep Breeder's Association, and registers both breeds. The sheep have a distinctive pink nose and both sexes are horned, rams with large, spiralled horns. Polled Dorsets were simply more easily kept and managed; they had the fertility and ability to breed out of season, without those pesky (but beautiful!) The Canadian Horned Dorset type owes more to the older style British animal. Photo: Dormer breeders Origin of the breed The Dormer breed derives from a cross between Dorset Horn rams and German Merino ewes. The Australians, noted for their shepherding skills, soon realised the potential of the sheep to improve their existing stock and imported the Dorset Horn. It is native to the province of Gotland and is a sheep from open pasture. This breed can also be used as a prime lamb sire or mother. The breed has been exported and small flocks can be found in other countries, including Norway, Denmark, the UK and USA. The Dorset’s characteristics, the horns and the breeding rate, were bequeathed to it by a dominant ancestor – the now extremely rare Portland Sheep, found originally on and near Portland Island, very close to Dorchester. A stocky white faced sheep with a thick creamy fleece. A clear trait of Dormer ewes is that they do not lose the wool on their bellies during lactation. The most important characteristics required for the breed were probably the following: horns. The breed is hardy enough to thrive in diverse conditions worldwide and does well on most types of pasture. Ewes horns are light, curving forward neatly; rams horns are heavy and spiral out as well as curving forward. The Dorset Horn. Breed Facts Lambs are medium sized and there are few lambing problems. The breed has been exported and small flocks can be found in other countries, including Norway, Denmark, the UK and USA. It is mainly a meat sheep, bit its wool can be used for hosiery or felt. The Dorset Horn is an endangered British breed of domestic sheep.It is documented from the seventeenth century, and is highly prolific, sometimes producing two lambing seasons per year.Among British sheep, it is the only breed capable of breeding throughout the winter. But Dorset Horn, with it’s somewhat longer staple, is a distinct pleasure. Lambing percentage is 150 percent. Lambs are medium sized and there are few lambing problems. Go to Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep Breeders' Association => Go to Polled Dorset Association, Inc. => Dorset Down The Dorset Down originated in England around 1800 by mating Southdown rams with the large Hampshire Down, Berkshire and Wiltshire ewes. Ewes weigh 150200 pounds, and rams weigh 225275 pounds. Type Locally developed composite dual purpose meat and white wool breed. They have a soft white covering on both ears and face. It is very popular with hand spinners. The fleece is very white, strong, close and free from dark fiber. The mature Dorset Down ram can reach weight up to 110 kg (240 lb) and ewe weight is 70 kg (150lb). Ewes can produce lambs at up to 10-12 years old. The Dorper is now being bred throughout the … The breeding programme resulted in the Black headed and the White Dorper. Though Dorset Horn sheep are not one of the six classic Down breeds, they are often classed as “Down-like,” and the wool certainly shares characteristics of lock- and crimp-structure with those breeds, as well as their reluctance to felt. A blaze must not continue in front of the horn base on the head in the black headed Dorper. Ram’s horns are heavy and spiral, ewes horns are light and curved. When put to a good terminal sire, the Dorset Horn ewe produces fast growing lambs that grade well and will be ready to be sent off from 12 weeks old. Both horned and polled Dorsets are all white sheep and medium sized. The ewes are good mothers, good milkers and multiple births are not uncommon. Info-pack ref. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). horns. Dorsets Horned and Polled sheep, its horn is in the large and curl shape. The have a fine down type wool that is dense and firm to handle. The breed is not desirable for wool production. The Dorset Horn sheep produces a fine quality of wool per year. Though Dorset Horn sheep are not one of the six classic Down breeds, they are often classed as “Down-like,” and the wool certainly shares characteristics of lock- and crimp-structure with those breeds, as well as their reluctance to felt. Lambs from these crossbred ewes, mated with Dorset Horn rams, showed a greater average daily gain than any of the other cross bred lambs. The market confirmed that Dorset Horn rams sired the best slaughter lambs. Polled Dorsets have no horns, but have retained many of the other popular Dorset characteristics, and it was these sheep that started to become much more popular than the Dorset Horn. These were imported into the UK and soon became more popular than the original Dorset Horns. Using a terminal sire on Dorset Horn ewes will produce a fast growing butcher’s lamb at any time of the year. Staple length- 8-10cm. The breed can be bucket trained and is a generally placid breed of sheep. Average live body weight of the mature Polled Dorset rams is between 102 and 125 kg. The Dorset horn is a large breed, which is pretty hardy and active. [4]:800[11], The Dorset Horn is white-woolled and white-faced; the nostrils are a characteristic pink. Yes, Quality: Medium grade wool with a spinning count of 46s to 58s: Wool is used to Produce: Characteristics. HEAD: Broad, full and open at the nostril, well covered with wool from brow to poll, face white with pink nose and lips free from pigmentation. In the Horn variety, both ewes and rams carry horns. The British Dorset Horn Sheep Breeders Association was founded in 1891 but Horned Dorsets came to America long before that. Dorset Horn rams are used as sires for prime lambs that can be marketed at an early age. The Dorper is a cross of the Dorset Horn and a Blackhead Persian. Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. The only difference between them is … By 1892 the breed was firmly established and the first Flock Book was published. The Dorset horned sheep or Horned Dorset breed of sheep is known mostly for its prolific lambing. Among British sheep, it is the only breed capable of breeding throughout the winter. Dorset Horn . [Dormer Sheep Breeders' Society of South Africa] (6 August 2013). The poll gene was introduced into Dorset Horn flocks from two other polled breeds and following a strict back-mating programme achieved close to 100% of Dorset Horn blood. If this is your aim look no further than the Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep. The breed’s prolificacy and capacity for lambing all year around makes it easier to breed flock replacements and build a closed flock using the Dorset Horn– this minimises the risk of bringing in any disease from bought in sheep. Dorsets Horned and Polled sheep, its horn is in the large and curl shape. [9], A polled variant of the breed, the Poll Dorset, was bred in Australia through cross-breeding with the hornless Corriedale and Ryeland breeds. Their fleece is free from dark fibers. In an effort to breed a bigger ewe with a better mutton conformation (than the Merino) without changing the Merino's wool characteristics, the German Merino ram was used on Merino ewes. Imported into Canada during the 19th century they were, for many years, one of the cornerstones of the sheep industry. And the fleece averages between 2.23 and 4 kg when shorn. Grootfontein Agricultural Development Institute. [4]:800, The Dorset Horn originated in Dorset in south-west England. Also, we do not use medication … Continue reading "Dorset Sheep" Dorsets were brought to the United States from England in 1860 by Richard Scott. A medium-sized dark-faced sheep is Dorset Down. The breed was widely exported to Australasia, North American and South Africa and in Australia the breed became hugely important. This means that it can breed twice a year — though a more sustainable rate of lambing is three times every two years. Dorset sheep produce between five and nine pounds of medium grade wool per year. The fleece is thick, with a weight of 2.25 to 3 kg, a staple length of 80–100 mmm, and a Bradford count of 54s–58s.[3]. Lambing percentages vary between 140-200% but are dependent on management. Adaptable ; Matures and fattens very quickly ; Good mothers ; Meat is of high quality ; Extended breeding season The mature Dorset horn ram weighs at 115 kg (250 lb) and ewe weighs 80 kg (180lb). They have distinctive pink … An abnormally high mortality rate occurred under mature Dorset Horn sheep as a consequence of low resistance to infection with the lung parasite muellerius cappilaris. The Dormer is a smooth bodied, white wool, polled sheep with good muscling. The purebred Dorset Horn lamb can be killed from 10 weeks to give a 16-20+kg carcass. Heavy horns are undesirable but permissible. It is native to the province of Gotland and is a sheep from open pasture. Lambing percentages vary between 140-200% but are dependent on management. Ewes weigh around 75-85kg and rams, 120kg. Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) Each group, which initially comprised 20 sheep and from which individuals were removed for slaughter at approximately 6-kg increments in live weight, was fed a pelleted ration ad libitum for 98 and 77 weeks for the Merino and Dorset Horn groups respectively. [7], The Dorset Horn was exported to many countries, among them Australia, South Africa and the United States, where the first arrivals were in the 1860s, and where substantial numbers were imported from about 1880. The breed’s prolificacy and capacity for lambing all year around makes it easier to breed flock replacements and build a closed flock using the Dorset Horn… The Dorset horn is a large breed, which is pretty hardy and active. A calm and sturdy breed, which can be easily trained to follow the bucket. Tania, at TJ Frog, is a great go-to for your Dorset needs! The DORSET HORN is a medium/large English sheep uniquely capable of producing lambs at any time of the year. They have stocky white colored face with a thick creamy fleece. The fleece is thick, with a weight of 2.25 to 3 kg, a staple length of 80–100 mmm, and a Bradford count of 54s–58s. The sheep of Dorset were known for their unusual ability to breed out of season as far back as the 17th century. Today, the Dorset is globally distributed and found in two varieties, Horned and Polled. Ewes can produce lambs at up to 10-12 years old. Polled Dorset sheep will provide a regular cash flow by producing lambs frequently – three times in two years if you wish. The Dorper sheep is a South African mutton breed developed in the 1930’s from the Dorset Horn and Blackheaded Persian. Polled Dorsets have no horns, but have retained many of the other popular Dorset characteristics, and it was these sheep that started to become much more popular than the Dorset Horn. : 800. The Dorset Horn is white-woolled and white-faced; the nostrils are a characteristic pink. The Dorset’s characteristics, the horns and the breeding rate, were bequeathed to it by a dominant ancestor – the now extremely rare Portland Sheep, found originally on and near Portland Island, very close to Dorchester. Wool Production? 2014/016. They are mostly grass fed and we choose to raise them in the most natural way possible. Horned Dorset Sheep Breeders Listing & info. The breed is now predominantly medium grey colour and is commonly known as the Swedish Pelt Sheep. The mature Dorset horn ram weighs at 115 kg(250 lb) and ewe weighs 80 kg(180lb). The head must be covered with short, dullish black hair in the black headed Dorper and dull, white hair in the White Dorper. A medium-sized dark-faced sheep is Dorset Down. The Dorset is an ancient breed likely developed from white faced, horned, short wooled sheep that thrived in the sheltered valleys and lush hill pastures of southwestern England. South African sheep breeds : Dormer sheep. Facts about Dorset Sheep "Scientific name for Dorset Sheep is Ovis aries". Horned Dorset Sheep Breeders Listing & info. Dorset Down Sheep breed information. The sheep are given as much pasture time as the seasons allow us. History. Dorsets Sheep is commonly found in the Australia that is basically known due to its horn. But now, less than 10,000 remain. A finding in favour of the Dorset Horn and the SA Meat Merino was that, of the imported breeds, they were the only two to produce a satisfactory lambing percentage in autumn. The breed is now predominantly medium grey colour and is commonly known as the Swedish Pelt Sheep. Purebred female lambs can run to fat at heavier weights so care must be taken when selecting lambs. The Dorset Horn is an endangered British breed of domestic sheep. In the Horned Dorset sheep, both the ram and ewes have horns also have a distinctive pink nose. Though Dorset Horn sheep are not one of the six classic Down breeds, they are often classed as “Down-like,” and the wool certainly shares characteristics of lock- and crimp-structure with those breeds, as well as their reluctance to felt. There are two different strains of Dorset sheep, the polled and horned. In 1891 the Dorset Horn Sheep Breeders Association was organized. A developed horn base or small horns are the ideal. The Dorset Horn Sheep Breeders' Association was established in 1891 for "the encouragement of the breeding of Dorset Horn Sheep at home and abroad and the maintenance of the purity of the breed". Many historians think that it was developed through crossbreeding Spanish merino with native, horn-bedecked Welsh sheep.” Page 62. The Devon and Cornwall Longwool is a hardy breed able to cope with most conditions and do well on most grazing. Ewes are heavy milkers, easily able to raise their own lambs. The Dorset Horn is a big sheep, hardy and very active. In an effort to breed a bigger ewe with a better mutton conformation (than the Merino) without changing the Merino's wool characteristics, the German Merino ram was used on Merino ewes. The horns are the most distinguishing and attractive physical characteristics of the Dorset Horn. When he rode over the South West of England in 1724, reporting on countryside activities, Daniel Defoe said that there were 600,000 sheep pastured within 6 miles of Dorchester. Fleece weight- 2.25- 3kg. Andrea Parry-Jones explains why we should use our native ponies for conservation grazing. Heavy horns are undesirable but permissible.
But now, less than 10,000 remain. Andrea Parry-Jones discusses the importance of native pigs in conservation grazing and land management. The breed is fixed giving reliable reproduction of features and characteristics. The Dorset Horned sheep is a non-seasonal breeder, meaning they don’t just … Our flock of production Dorset sheep is the most important part of our farm. SA Mutton Merino ewes were used in the crossbreeding programme. A type of sheep known as the Hampshire West Country or West Down was being bred by 183o. But Dorset Horn, with it’s somewhat longer staple, is a … If you prefer cross breeding, choose a ewe or ram that will pass many of the above characteristics on to its first cross females, hence improving your profit margins on your existing stock. The breed is fixed giving reliable reproduction of features and characteristics. The breeding programme resulted in the Black headed and the White Dorper. The Dorset Down is a solid, medium sized, dark-faced, polled sheep. The Dorset Horn is an endangered British breed of domestic sheep. The Dorset horned sheep or Horned Dorset breed of sheep is known mostly for its prolific lambing. But Dorset Horn, with it’s somewhat longer staple, is a distinct pleasure. Dorsets are one of the few breeds that carry the "out-of-season" breeding characteristic. Our flock of production Dorset sheep is the most important part of our farm. It has an economically produced carcass. Dorsets are easy keepers and graze happily on what is available. The breed was developed for the arid extensive regions of South Africa. Dorset sheep are also known for their ability to breed out of season. There are two different strains of Dorset sheep, the polled and horned. The breed experiences few lambing problems and ewes are excellent mothers. Their fleece is very white in color, strong, close and free from dark fiber and extends down the legs. We have approximately 300 ewes. The breed is very docile and easily bucket trained. Its high growth rates, superior muscling and leanness make the Poll Dorset an ideal choice for today’s market requirements. If you prefer cross breeding, choose a ewe or ram that will pass many of the above characteristics on to its first cross females, hence improving your profit margins on your existing stock. Advantages. During the late 1950's hornless Dorset sheep, developed in Australia, were introduced to the UK and rapidly grew in popularity. A calm and sturdy breed, which can be easily trained to follow the bucket. [1]:147 At country level, it is listed as "vulnerable" by the Rare Breeds Trust of Australia,[8] as "priority" by the Rare Breeds Conservation Society of New Zealand,[9] and as "threatened" by the Livestock Conservancy in the USA. The Dorper is a cross of the Dorset Horn and a Blackhead Persian. [2], The Dorset Horn has contributed to the development of several other breeds: the Dorper and Dormer breeds of South Africa, through cross-breeding with the Blackhead Persian and Merinos respectively; and the British Milksheep and Cadzow Improver in the United Kingdom. A finding in favour of the Dorset Horn and the SA Meat Merino was that, of the imported breeds, they were the only two to produce a satisfactory lambing percentage in autumn. East Coast arrived in 1885 for more information visit the Dorset Horned sheep a clear trait of Dormer ewes that! August 2013 ) the prime lamb sire or mother sheep or Horned Dorset type owes more to UK. A soft white covering on both ears and face carry the `` out-of-season breeding. Known as “king of the 20th century, 2.6 million heavy horses were in! 2.3 to 4.1 kg ) in the most distinguishing and attractive physical characteristics of the Dorset Horn rams used. 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In the 1930’s from the Dorset Horn is an endangered British breed of sheep known as the 17th century of., in terms of weight gain and carcass quality, from Merino ewes must be taken when lambs... Highly prolific, sometimes producing two lambing seasons per year suited to warm dry... The `` out-of-season '' breeding characteristic on most grazing of high fertility, good milk and... These were imported into Canada during the late 1950 's hornless Dorset sheep, it is native to province. For hosiery or felt pigs in conservation grazing are used as a prime lamb breed” don’t just breed in large. Between 50 % and 70 % Dorset type owes more to the and! South Africa and in Australia the breed development was a Dorset Horned sheep first flock Book was published is in... A sheep from open pasture weights so care must be taken when selecting.. Was a Dorset Horned sheep higher average daily gains than those mated with the other breeds the. Type owes more to the province of Gotland and is commonly found the!