The spiny thickets that these small tree form are are a safe, food-filled haven for all manner of small birds. Sonoran Desert Naturalist, Desert Hackberry, Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers, Firefly Forest, Celtis ehrenbergiana, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Celtis_ehrenbergiana&oldid=892344497, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 April 2019, at 21:49. A single hackberry seed was noted in the limited plant collections made from the Kyle … The application of that name to Celtis occidentalis was possibly a result of the early colonists confusion with regard to the small cherry-like appearance of its fruit (Peattie, 1953, 1966). As much as I love Desert Hackberries, birds love them even more. Perennials. We are a wholesale nursery specializing in water efficient plants. [4], Celtis ehrenbergiana is the only US species of the genus with thorns. The small, dull green leaves are coarsely toothed. The edible berries are sweet to man and birds. Desert hackberry features attractive orange berries. How to Sprout a Hackberry Seed. Hardy to USDA Zone 7 Native to southern and western Texas, southern New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico (Baja California, Chihuahua, Durango, Jalisco, and … Sunset: 10-13; USDA: 7-10. Pool & O.M. Classic, low-desert drought-tolerant shrub with fragrant foliage; small yellow flowers attract pollinators. It grows in dry locations such as deserts, brushlands, canyons, mesas and grasslands. John Campbell 99,475 views. In the US, it is a shrub or small tree up to 3 m (10 feet) tall, with thorns on the branches, although it can grow taller in the tropics. Plant & Product Catalog. The Hackberry is an interesting tree with rough corky bark. Canyon Hackberry Celtis reticulata. The DESERT HACKBERRY (also known as “Celtis pallida”) is a(n) Evergreen in the Desert class and part of our Trees department. Spiny semi-evergreen shrub, up to 20' tall, 8' spread; small dark green leaves. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Desert hackberry seeds were recovered by the thousands from Hinds Cave, and are clearly visible in dozens of rockshelter sites in the Lower Pecos (Dering 1979; Irving 1966). Sun and partial shade. APPROXIMATE WATER NEEDS OF PLANTS (LW = low water 10 - … Home » Products » DESERT HACKBERRY (Celtis pallida) DESERT HACKBERRY (Celtis pallida) SKU: 1005071 Categories: Desert, Evergreen, Trees. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Over the weekend Marci went hiking in the foothills of the Santa Catalina Mountains with our friend Erin. Flowers visited by bees and the fruit attracts birds. Celtis pallida is an evergreen Tree growing to 5.5 m (18ft 1in). We do not sell to the general public, but you can find our plants at the retail nurseries or wholesale outlets listed above and on the resources tab. The common Hackberry tree can be found growing wild in Southwestern desert arroyos. Desert Hackberry occurs throughout tropical America from northern Argentina north to southern Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Florida, It's likely to show up in grasslands, brushlands and thickets wherever there's gravelly, well-drained, sandy soil, as in deserts, canyons, washes, foothills, washes and the like. Cacti. Along with suggestions for medicinal uses of various parts of the plant, I've also made that "hackberry-mesquite cookie" I … Type: Shrub Gravelly and well-drained sandy soils in deserts and desert grasslands. All but the shortest plants provide shelter for the chickens in addition to food. Photo credits: Sue Carnahan, Stephen Hale, Max Licher, Anthony Mendoza Unlike his cousin, Netleaf Hackberry (Celtis reticulata), Desert Hackberry keeps its leaves all winter, thereby providing a reliable screen throughout the seasons. En: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa, A. Origin: Texas, New Mexico, northern Mexico from 3000 to 8000' elevation. Jul 27, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Terra Fine. Desert Mountain Master Association 10550 East Desert Hills Drive Suite 100 Scottsdale, AZ 85262 Phone: (480) 635-5600Fax: (480) 488-7484 Locally native below 4,500'. Look for these thickets in arid, hot areas of south and west Texas, though in these environments they will likely cluster near water sources including dry gullies. The small stature and dense growth of the desert hackberry make this a great choice for planting underneath taller trees to block early morning/late afternoon sun. Hackberry: The "hack" apparently is a corruption of the Scottish "hag" (witch), however the "Hagberry" in Britain is the name given to sour bird cherries. your own Pins on Pinterest Its stout thorns, dense branches, and sweet, edible, small orange berries in the fall make it extremely valuable for wildlife food and cover. Flowers are born in cymes of 3-5 flowers. One of the Desert Hackberry plants behind my house is loaded with fruit now and I’ve been watching birds move in and out this week, partaking in the juicy berries. Hackberry: Candy that grows on trees - Weird Fruit Explorer Ep 269 - Duration: 7:08. Plants with a Purpose. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Hackberry tree grows in mixed deciduous forests, in the seasonally flooded plains, on the slopes and rocky hillsides. Common names are from state and federal lists. Mostly native, plus a few exotic plants also loved by chickens. Trees. These plants grow well in Tucson, Phoenix, Hermosillo, and throughout the Sonoran Desert. Description People like to plant hackberry tree in the gardens, parks and backyards because it tolerates drought and pollution of the air and provides shade. Butterfly Plant – Emperor butterfly caterpillars (Subfamily Apaturinae) like those of the Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) feed on the leaves, while the adult male Emperor butterflies are often found waiting on the plants for passing females. Full sun. Plant Combinations. It is slow growing, long-lived, and semi-evergreen, depending on temperature and moisture availability. At one point they stumbled upon some desert hackberry plants (Celtis pallida) full of large ripe orange berries.Unfortunately they were not equipped to harvest many of the berries, but they brought back a … It is native to Arizona, Florida, New Mexico and Texas, and to Latin America as far south as central Argentina. Aside from its ability to attract wildlife, Desert Hackberry is a fairly indistinct shrub, which makes it an ideal background, foundation or border plant that won’t detract attention from garden specimens. Annuals. 1859. Acknowledgements. Discover (and save!) Edible – The ripe orange fruits are blandly sweet and edible, but they are small and seedy. Size (H x W): 8ft x 10ft Todzia, C. A. Flora de Nicaragua. Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Botany 2(1): 203. Shrubs. Here are some early experiments with uses for desert hackberry. Let us help you find the perfect plants from our catalog. The small, dull green leaves are coarsely toothed. Black-throated and White-crowned Sparrows, pocket mice, kangaroo rats, other small mammals. The Desert Hackberry (Celtis pallida)--also called Spiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Garabata and Chaparral--is a spiny, sprawling shrub native to the deserts of the Southwest from Texas through Arizona and south into Mexico. Desert Mountain Master Association 10550 East Desert Hills Drive Suite 100 Scottsdale, AZ 85262 Phone: (480) 635-5600Fax: (480) 488-7484 The tree can grow to 100 feet high, but usually does not exceed 40 to 60 feet. Quantities over 1 oz. The timing and quantity of fruit ripening is highly dependent on rainfall. Promoting knowledge, appreciation, conservation, and restoration of Arizona native plants and their habitats Desert Hackberry | The Arizona Native Plant Society Join It truly is quite an adaptable species of tree and requires little care. Very low water usage. Hermit Thrush, Northern Cardinal, towhees, Phainopepla, Townsend's Solitaire, Cedar Waxwing, thrashers, White-crowned Sparrow and House Finch are among the birds likely to be seen at Desert Hackberry when in fruit. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85(3): 2472–2478. Other uses of Desert Hackberry: The plants have an extensive root system and are sometimes planted for erosion control. When hackberry growing, the tree thrives in most any type of soil with a pH of between 6.0 and 8.0; it is also able to withstand more alkaline soils. Celtis ehrenbergiana, called the desert hackberry or spiny hackberry, is a plant species that has long been called C. pallida by many authors, including in the "Flora of North America" database. ships in 1 week. 380 seeds per oz. Welcome to the GROW NATIVE plant list. This tree features a distinctive trunk. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. Flower Color: Green The dense growth and shade of the very thorny branches also make for the perfect bird habitat and provide them with a shady place to escape the summer heat and build their nests in. Tools for Successful Landscapes Search for Plants. It is slow growing, long-lived, and semi-evergreen, depending on temperature and moisture availability. It is in leaf all year, in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. This spiny, densely branched shrub of the Sonoran and Chihuahuan Deserts occurs along washes and gravelly slopes. 2001. Hackberry trees should be planted in full sun to partial shade. Please use the categories on the left to refine your search to find the perfect native plants for your garden! Drought hardy. Vines. Absent from the lowest, driest areas of the Sonoran Desert. The inconspicuous flowers are followed by small orange fruit that provide food for birds and mammals. [3] It is native to Arizona, Florida, New Mexico and Texas, and to Latin America as far south as central Argentina. Ulmaceae. Very drought and heat tolerant. Grasses. It is an excellent wildlife plant. Desert hackberry is an extremely drought tolerant, spiny, sprawling shrub native to South Texas and the Chihuahuan desert. Emory, William Hemsley. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. New Hampshire Celtis is a genus of about 60–70 species of deciduous trees, commonly known as hackberries or nettle trees, widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, south to central Africa, and northern and central South America. Extremely long lived; Bloom Mar-Apr, and Nov–Dec. For desert regions, useful as a screen, barrier, or erosion control. Plant diffusion resistance for the desert hackberry plant, determined from a climatological model and measured soil moisture changes, appeared to increase linearly with decreasing soil moisture until it reached a critical value, below which it rose sharply. Drupes are orange, yellow or red, juicy, egg-shaped, about 7 mm in diameter, and edible by humans and wildlife.[5]. Sometimes called nettle tree, the common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a deciduous tree valued for its umbrella-shaped … Some species of hackberry tree are adapted to the life in arid, desert conditions. Hardiness: Zone 8: 10˚F. Leaves are small for the genus, less than 3 cm (1.2 inches) long and 2 cm (0.8 inches) wide. My Wishlist. Succulents. Celtis ehrenbergiana, called the desert hackberry or spiny hackberry, is a plant species that has long been called C. pallida by many authors, including in the "Flora of North America" database. Figure 9: Quailbush Figure 8: Desert hackberry Several species of butterfly are also commonly seen fluttering about the shrub’s dark green leaves, searching for a safe place to lay eggs. The Desert Hackberry contains … ... A Few Edible and Useful Desert Plants - Duration: 8:01. Montiel (eds.). Fruits can ripen any time between July and December. Requires full sun and moderate watering. Celtis pallida (Desert hackberry). Groundcovers. 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