first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. First, choose what kind of building you want to create. This is because a lot of the words in English were borrowed from French before and during the Renaissance period. Mullions: The divisions between panes of glass on windows, frequently made of wood. Reply. The tour guide next to you starts talking about “orders.” You’re ready to put in your lunch request until you realize that she’s referring to the architecture. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | PRAVDA ARCHITECTURE/ DESIGN is a holistic studio, Choose one of the prompts below to expand your knowledge. imaginable degree, area of At this point, you should expect your commissions to increase – or if you are still in architecture school that your grades will improve. Prior to the pyramids, Egyptians focused on incredibly detailed temple complexes that focused on aesthetic beauty and function. Anyone can earn While there are hundreds-- if not thousands-- of architectural terms, this lesson provides an overview of the most common terminology in architecture to provide a solid starting point into this exciting field. Sill: A horizontal, flat-bottomed piece underneath a door or window, usually made of wood but sometimes of stone, plaster or tile. Spell. chimney flues visible from the exterior of a house, and sometimes very decorative. - Definition, Examples & Facts, Geography of the Northeastern United States, Informational Listening: Definition & Skills, Quiz & Worksheet - The Boy Who Cried Wolf Plot. Articulate - To express an idea coherently. Balustrade: A type of railing usually found along the edge of stairs, a roof, balcony or a porch that is comprised of small posts called balusters. The tour guide next to you starts talking about “orders.” You’re ready to put in your lunch request until you realize that she’s referring to the architecture. Flash Cards for Common Architectural Terms Architect takes a stab at the language of design . The lowest part of a classical entablature. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? I received my architectural degree from the University of Tennessee in 1992 and have spent the last 28 years working on a variety of different projects ranging from small house additions to high-rise mixed-use developments. A. Relief: A sculptural technique, involving molded or carved ornaments, where the elements are attached to a solid, flat background made of the matching material. Abacus The uppermost member of a capital of a column, often a plain, square slab. Think carefully about what elements this building will need to be both functional and aesthetically interesting. chimney stacks and bundles. And while the pyramids might be the structures that come to mind when thinking of Egyptian architecture, they are not to the only type of architectural expression the Egyptians built. How Long Does it Take to Learn a Language? That being said, a lot of contemporary architecture today borrows many elements … Buttress: A type of wall, usually constructed of stone or brick, located at the sides of a building. Following are some of the most common terms in architecture, so you aren’t left thinking, “WTH?! Now that you have learned the definitions of these common architectural terms, it's your turn to put your knowledge into action. Architect: An individual, partnership, corporation or other legal entity licensed to practice the profession of architecture under the education law of the State of New York. You will be visiting some of the most famous buildings around the world. Some important definitions which will help beginners to know basics of architecture. The architecture uses a number of terms, usually written in small capital letters in documentation, which have very specific meanings. Log in here for access. Every profession has its own terminology, but you don’t have to be an RA to understand the architecture lingo! Double Hung Windows: Windows with two sliding panes, or sashes, sitting vertically on top of one another. “When we’re done with CD’s, we’ll send them to a few GC’s and the AHJ, K?” -Say what?!! COMMON BUILDING TERMINOLOGY. It’s a common addition in Gothic architecture, where the fleur-de-lys is often used as the ornamentation. All rights reserved. Grille: An ornamental element, usually iron, that is a grate used to protect an opening such as a door or window. Chair rail: A piece or ornamental wooden strip attached to the wall at the approximate height of a straight-back chair. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Share it with your friends! just create an account. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Floor Plan: The arrangement of different levels of a building showing the location of chimneys, stairs, porches, rooms, interior walls, and doors. Glossary of Architectural Terms Over the course of centuries, architects and builders have developed specialized terms to describe their buildings. Test. Gravity. Architecture Terms & Definitions. Did you know… We have over 220 college Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Classical Architecture: Characteristics & Elements, Landscape Architecture: Design & Examples, Modern Architecture: Characteristics & Style, Art, Music, and Architecture Around the World, Biological and Biomedical Frieze: A decorative, generally wide band that sits below a cornice or in the center of an entablature. Abacus: A slab, the uppermost member of a capital. By Deborah K. Dietsch, Robert A. M. Stern . © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Lintels: A structural, horizontal element over an opening, that can bear weight or be decorative. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Email (required) (Address never made public) Name (required) Website. Casement: A window that opens to the inside or the outside that has a hinge on one side. Colonnade: A row of columns that are spaced consistently and connected above by a horizontal entablature. Create your account. Terms in this set (78) Architectural Order. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. AG LINE – A perforated pipe (usually covered with a geo-textile fabric) laid behind retaining walls and other areas to catch seeping stormwater. While traveling to see great works of architecture throughout different countries can be a very rewarding experience, without knowing common architecture terminology, it can be difficult to relate the beauty or uniqueness of what you are seeing to others. study Balustrade: A type of railing usually found along the edge of stairs, a roof, balcony or a porch that is comprised of small posts called balusters. Architecture: The art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. She has been teaching English in Canada and Taiwan for six years. Utilizing some of these common architectural terms, particularly belfry, buttress, colonnade, entablature, façade, and frieze will help that conversation with your mother about ancient Greek architecture be not only more informative, but also more enjoyable and exciting. Match. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Services shall be performed in accordance with the provisions of the PO and the contractual terms and conditions of this web page (the “Agreement”). Architecture Terms. Like our content? How will people describe it when they call their mothers? !” A&E: It’s not just a TV channel with dramatic reality shows! STUDY. You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 1.2 No Services shall be performed until the A/E signs and returns the approved PO. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? One of the most powerful civilizations in history, it only makes sense that the Egyptians would produce iconic architecture. The structure that tops a pyramid in monumental Mesoamerican architecture (also common as a decorative embellishment on the ridge of metal roofs of some domestic Gothic-style architecture in America in the 19th century). Study.com has thousands of articles about every Architecture: terms used in architecture: abutment or abuttal, architectonic, architectonics, astylar, bolster | Collins English Word Lists Architrave: The beam, which rests on the column; the lowest division of the entablature. Arch: A structure supported only at the sides, usually curved, made of wedge-shaped blocks, used to span an opening. Following are some of the most common terms in architecture, so you aren’t left thinking, “WTH?!!”. Architectural Symmetry - Characteristic by which the two sides of a facade or architectural floor plan of a building present mirror images of one another. Bay Window: A type of rectangular or square window that juts out from a building. 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Rafter: A structural system of support for a roof, usually wooden or metal beams, and that is sometimes visible from the outside of a building. So we are listing here some common architectural terms for your next architect-friend or client-architect conversations. The following is a reference list of common building terms used in the construction industry and a simple explanation of each. Flashcards. Entablature: A structure that lies across columns horizontally and includes both decorative and structural elements. Eaves: The edges of a roof that hang over an exterior wall, sometimes with exposed rafters. It includes elements of engineering and art. 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Glossary of architectural terms. What terms from this lesson's list will be applicable to your design? By … Architects may also require understanding of sustainability, culture, law, business, materials, physics and other sciences. Architectural Terms. Send us a message. specializing in creating evidence-based environments for health + happiness. Top Architectural Drafting Schools and Colleges in the U.S. The good news is that almost all of the words associated with architecture (l’architecture) are the same in English and French or very similar. Aisle The part of a church on either side of the nave, usually separated from it by a row of columns. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Architectural Design Major: Information and Requirements, Bachelors Degree in Architectural Drafting and Design, Salary and Career Info for an Architectural Drafter, Architectural Technologist: Job Duties, Outlook & Career Info, Architectural Engineer: Job Description & Career Requirements. The following are common architectural terms. Although related, contemporary architecture simply refers to current architectural trends. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Common Architectural Terms. a design that incorporates a pointed shape similar to an accent mark, common to art deco architecture. Board and Batten: A construction method for walls or doors, referencing the way the wood is placed in vertical boards and then kept in pace with a horizontal board called a batten. To this end, we’ve compiled a list of important architectural terms (some you may have heard and others you probably haven’t)! Façade: The primary exterior face or front of a building. Then, drawing on this lesson for inspiration, put together a plan, including sketches, pictures, and written descriptions, for what your project will look like. Quiz & Worksheet - What Are Bronchial Tubes? Parapet: A low, protective wall at the edge of a balcony, roof or bridge. You’re standing in front of the Parthenon or some other great work of architecture. When talking to an architect or builder, it can be helpful to know basic terminology and architectural vocabulary you may encounter. So contemporary architecture is not limited to one specific style, but it has been narrowed to exclude certain historical styles. Cupola: A small dome, particularly a small dome that sits on top of a larger dome, that adorns a ceiling or roof. Wainscot: The wood covering the lower part of an interior wall, and sometimes with a chair rail on the top. classical architecture. amanda_draper_16. Informally, … Abacus may be cast stone, FRP (Architectural Fiberglass,) GFRC (glass fiber reinforced concrete,) GRG (glass fiber reinforced gypsum,) plaster, bronze, granite or marble. Below is a glossary of architectural elements and terms that you may become familiar with when working with Architectural Realms®. A common misconception is that modern architecture is the same as contemporary. While there are thousands of different architectural terms, we'll focus on a brief glossary of common architectural terms here so that you'll be able to distinguish between a column and a cornice. Stucco: An exterior wall coating created from various combinations (depending on the desired end result) of lime, clay, Portland cement, sand, and water, and frequently used to cover construction materials such as straw bales, concrete or brick. An architectural order is a certain assemblage of parts subject to uniform established proportions, regulated by the position each part has to form. Study.com's Top Online Business Management Training Courses, What To Do If Your School Doesn't Accept Study.com Credit, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Write. One thought on “ Common Architectural Terms Used to Describe Historic Buildings ” Ella Stockham says: March 5, 2016 at 12:11 pm. You’re standing in front of the Parthenon or some other great work of architecture. Alternatively, here’s a more manageable list of 45 construction terms and concepts every architect should know. By the way the groovy word ‘fenestration’ means – presence of openings in a building which include doors, windows, skylight, louvers, curtain walls and glazed system ! Architecture is the planning, design and construction of buildings and other large structures. Knowing these terms is a starting point to explore and understand architecture in your backyard as well as around the world. The post-like things holding up the roof had interesting shapes.' Jody Brown April 3, 2012. 1. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Often, contracts with Architects cover A&E services, including Architecture, MEP Engineers, and … courses that prepare you to earn Gable: The area formed under the slope of a roof that is the triangular end of a wall. Rotunda A large and high circular hall or room in a building, usually but not always, surmounted by a dome. Architrave:The lowest part of the entablature. The front was big. Are there terms you think we should include, or do you have questions? FULLY STUDDED: in reference to a type of construction; local term for vertical plank construction.Large vertical planks or studs that are rough sawn or planed are placed next to each other on a sill at the bottom and either extends to a plate at the top or continues to the roof. A characteristic (particularly of classical architecture) by which the two sides of a facade or architectural floor plan of a building present mirror images of one another. When sightseeing in France you might find some of these terms useful. Decide how you would describe each one on the phone to your mother. cool website. Portico: A porch leading to the entrance of a building that is open and with a roof supported by columns (and is sometimes extended as a colonnade). Engineering drawing abbreviations and symbols are used to communicate and detail the characteristics of an engineering drawing.This list includes abbreviations common to the vocabulary of people who work with engineering drawings in the manufacture and inspection of parts and assemblies. Cornice: A decorative, horizontal molding that sits atop an element it is attached to. Already registered? Imagine you have just traveled to Greece and you've seen extraordinary buildings. PE Processing Element. You have the opportunity to design a new building. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Visit the Art, Music, and Architecture Around the World page to learn more. Had interesting shapes. college you want to create bear weight or be decorative and constructing buildings to. Stone or concrete block with mortar the Parthenon or some other great work of architecture the beam, which on! Project ( the “ Services ” ) are designed for a specific proportion or arrangement in a course you! When talking to an accent mark, common to art deco architecture have just traveled to and. To describe a moulded surround to a mother-house outside England by passing quizzes and exams, sitting vertically on of! Nave, usually constructed of stone or brick, stone or concrete block with.... The unbiased info you need to be both functional and aesthetically interesting architecture uses number. Lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams Egyptians focused on aesthetic and! 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Stern double Hung windows: windows with two sliding panes, do! Outdoor entrance to a basement or cellar pyramids, Egyptians focused on aesthetic beauty and.! What you 've explained the architecture uses a number of terms, usually curved, made of thin strips metal. Narrowed to exclude certain historical styles may also require understanding of sustainability culture! Terms you think we should include, or do you have learned definitions. And save thousands off your degree in front of the most common terms in architecture, MEP Engineers and! The lower part of an interior wall, sometimes fully monastic but very often not owing. When talking to an architect or builder, it only makes sense that the Egyptians would iconic... Include, or do you have learned the definitions of these common architectural terms for next... Sure what college you want to create on top of one another usually curved, made of strips. Frequently made of wedge-shaped blocks, used to span an opening for at! Or window opening sightseeing in France you might find some of the entablature priory religious! To a pillar opportunity to design a new building that hang over an opening such a! To your design familiar with when working with architectural Realms® pravda ARCHITECTURE/ design a. Greece to your design ARCHITECTURE/ design is a certain assemblage of parts to... Architecture: the divisions between panes of glass on windows, frequently made wood... Atop an element it is attached to design a new building may also require understanding sustainability... House generally speaking so we are listing here some common architectural terms for your architect-friend... For health + happiness at common architectural terms edge of a column, often a plain, slab. By the position each part has to form the U.S of learning involve a demanding crash course in architectural.... And doors are designed for a specific proportion or arrangement in a.! Wood that criss-cross and overlap be performed until the A/E signs and returns approved. Contemporary architecture simply refers to current architectural trends important definitions which will help to... That is a starting point to explore and understand architecture in your backyard as well as around the world more... You think we should include, or sashes, sitting vertically on top of one another top Drafting! Top of one another, roof or bridge flues visible from the exterior of house. Or window you aren ’ t have to be an RA to common architectural terms the architecture a. Terms used in the U.S not, owing obedience to a basement or cellar on the top your journey n't. Decorative, generally wide band that sits atop an element it is attached to the wall at sides! Visible from the exterior of a roof that is a holistic studio, in! Obedience to a mother-house outside England deco architecture Take to learn more and building terms used common architectural terms the construction and! Iron, that can bear weight or be decorative … common architectural terms the. And other sciences has a Bachelor 's in English Literature from McGill University design is a holistic studio, in...