That’s because the trunk is highly supported at an angle against a backrest. The muscle groups targeted are your quadriceps on the front of your thigh and your hamstrings on the back. The hack squat (HS) differs from the barbell back (BS) squat in many ways. As you improve a front squat or back squat, you will also improve the opposite kind of squat. You may want to try goblet squats, holding a kettlebell or weight in front, or front squats until your lower back pain resolves. In fact, back barbell squats are the more advanced squat movement. (2, 3) So, the back squat is actually better for trunk development and … Hack Squat vs. Back Squat. The muscles that you use are a little bit different, and maintaining a good ratio helps you maintain an even build. The squat allows for heavy weights and overloads your entire body, which has been shown to increase testosterone and growth hormone, making it … Generally speaking, you should target to front squat about 80-90% of the amount of weight that you back squat. The back squat is a basic barbell strength exercise for the lower body with an emphasis on the quads, hamstrings, and glutes. Squats work the muscles you can see in your lower legs, the quadriceps, and the ones that you cannot, your glutes and hamstrings. And according to studies, the BS elicits greater trunk activation than the HS. The primary muscles worked are: ­– Glutes – Hamstrings – Quadriceps – Lower back (spinal erectors), upper back – Abdominals – Shoulders. The back squat targets all the major muscle groups of the body, but its focus is on the posterior chain. Back Squat: Basic Overview. The exercise also strengthens the entire core. 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