Read in the context of the "Florence diary," this poetological consideration becomes tangible as part of an aesthetic theory: Wirklich: die Stimmung, die ein Bild oder ein Gedicht hervorruft, gleicht in so vie- lem Sinn einem Lied. In the first version Rilke has "Yatagans" fighting- thus emphasizing the youth even of Christoph Rilke's an- tagonists (Simon 21). " In his in- terpretation of Rilke, Maurice Blanchot em- phasizes the identity of the space of death and the realm of artistic expression. But even within the ranks of those who admired Rilke greatly and who devoted intense study to his works there arose a new critical spirit. In other words it allows us to scrutinize the subjective truth of a literary work—to discover whether or not it is genuine in feeling and pure in expression—but not whether it is objectively true in reflecting the nature of Being. Thus, the act of writing, retrospec- tively stylized to the outcome of the furor poeticus, is just as much a parable of the youth- ful movement as Christoph's career itself. Im Mai 1912 kündigte der Insel Verlagan, eine neue Buchreihe mit eine… 1 (Zurich: Niehans, 1955) 452-53. The young Cornet Christoph Rilke is a por- trait of an artist. It is no more a book on war and heroism than the Geschichten vow lieben Gott or Das Stundenbuch are religious writings. Rilke's many allu- sions to Cornetas a manifestation of his youth- ful production should challenge the interpreter to read this piece not only as a prose-poem on the youth of its protagonist but primarily as an illustration of the outstanding relation- ship between youth and art -or art as youth. This passage supports the argument that Cornet is to be read as a book on art itself; the text comments on itself, as is hinted by this passage, which is conspicuously placed in the opening section of the work. . He taught theology and philosophy at the University of Berlin, University of Tübingen, and University of Munich. The experiences which inspired them were not only more profound and subtle than those which generally fall to our lot. But he is also answerable for the truth of his declaration and the reader may test it by this standard. An Exploration ofhis Earliest Poetry (New Haven: Yale UP, 1970), esp. Texte und Dokumente, ed. And we can probably say with some confidence that no one today reading a poem naturally and spontaneously would assess its merit according to its aesthetic value alone or by its dependence on sources. As at the end of Cornet, this vision of the knight's death pictures the climactic moment of aesthetic self-assertion as the liberating outcome of a process of violence. The neo-romantic elements of Rilke's aesthetic veneration of youth themselves in a sentimentality that was bound to keep the reader from discerning too easily the programmatic message of the text. Langsam, fast nachdenklich, schaut er um sich. In a letter to Gudrun Baroness of Uexkull (to whom the 1906 ver- sion of Cornet is dedicated) Rilke uses the appropriate metaphorical language in order to allude to the indebtedness of his Cornet to this notion of Jugendstil aesthetics: So unvollkommen und ungeschickt das kleine Kranzchen dieses Gedichtes auch gebunden ist, so ist mir doch, als ob ich dark zum ersten Mal die Bliiten zusam- mengestellt hatte, deren gluckliche Ver- einigung in einem StrauR oder Kranz aller dieser Bindekunst aul3erste Aufgabe darstellt: das wilde Jelinge rjelieber des Liebesstrauches und die stllen, eigen- tiirnlich schauenden Sterne, mit denen der Baum des Todes bliiht."'. Jahrhunderts, ed. .I5, Rilke employs the image of the "Becher" most consciously. The reader is bound to decide for himself that “this is true” or “this is false.” The so-called scientific approach, which deals solely with the form or the content of a poetic utterance as a phenomenon, is itself historically determined and open to criticism. The image of the circle stands for the moment of full con- centration, for the state of self-collection the young Cornet could achieve after having "gathered" himself, pulled himself out of the various modes of dispersion; "sammeln" was the directive in the poem quoted above, and it recurs programmatically in Cornet when the soldiers ask Christoph Rilke to act (65). Compare Selected Letters, p. 352. The soldier telling his story (the content of which intriguingly re- mains vague as well) is strikingly successful: the story is of a truly enchanting nature. And if it is true that the poet, when he speaks from his heart, says something which concerns us all, then such poems as the Elegies throw some light on the processes and forces which surge up from the dark depths of history. Next 558 Die Weise Von Liebe Und Tod Des Cornets Christoph Rilke Und Andere Prosagedichte. . 201-03. l' Maurice Blanchot, L'Espace Litteraire (Paris: Gallimard, 1955) 183. '' [5] Letter of February 11, 1922. It is essentially an activity that forms and determines its own course and structure during the process of its reali- zation: ". This is not to argue that the work lacks a plot, a story, characters, and events. Their early work, therefore, is often a very good place to discover the conventions of a certain period and to meet its problems from the inside, as they appeared to these writers themselves." Unfortunately, Poulet's short chap-. I myself am just penetrating more and more into the spirit of this missive which the Sonnets are proving themselves to be. Underlying the Eighth Elegy, for instance, there is an experience of life which is bound to be unfamiliar to the majority of readers. And this is to misunderstand not only the nature of truth but also the very mission of the poet. Thus the crown, too, is over-determined, and one would be ill-advised to ignore one of these potential meanings in preference for another. Es ist vie1 Fremdes, Buntes vor ihrn. This neglect of the truth which a work contains may be permissible in the case of poetry which is subjective in character, but not when the poet in question seeks to present a coherent picture of the world, and least of all when he has a message to proclaim. April 24, 2019. It describes a captured panther behind bars, as it was exhibited in the Ménagerie of the Jardin des Plantes in Paris. It may be added that critics of his poetry were never lacking. In a letter which he wrote shortly afterwards to Clara Rilke he stated: “Where an obscurity remains it is of the kind that requires, not enlightenment, but submission.”[8]. Other than with the two symphonies developing from the piano sonatas Nos. In this respect he writes in a tradition that, according to the French critic Georges Poulet, conceived of the circle as one of the most eminent symbols of human creativity.I4 A poem from Buch vom Monchischen Leben, which appeared in the same year as Cornet, programmatically reveals its importance: Ich wanderte in vielem Winde; da triebst du tausendmal darin. Immediately after the last one was written he announced to the Princess of Thurn and Taxis: “All in a few days, it was an indescribable storm, a hurricane of the spirit (as at Duino), every fibre and tissue cracked within me—any thought of food was out of the question, God knows who fed me.”[5]. Es ist eine große Ehre für den jungen Mann. This is the typical picture of truly youthful creation, in which inspiration and enthusiasm guide the pen of a writer unconcerned with history, documents, and the very craft of form- ing verses. (Entwurf einer Inschrift, 1919), quoted from Simon 148. La mort est ainsi des le commencement en rapport avec le mouvement si difficile a eclaircir de I'experience artistique.". This message requires careful exposition. Already in the aesthetic program of the young Rilke the figure of the circle, the ring, is of considerable importance. Wie ein Morgen kommt jede Klarheit hinter jeder Nacht.". Church Life Journal The majority of critics read the book as the tale of a young, heroic soldier, the account of the brave Cornet's short life: Ein groCles Geschehen, Erwachen des Junglings zum Leben, Erfullung des Le- bens durch Liebe und mannhafte Tat, Vollendung im Tod . . He was convinced that he was the bearer of a message which had been “dictated” to him from a source which could only be described as “religious.” He wrote to von Huléwicz: “And am I the one who can give the right explanation of the Elegies? In the third segment of the text the art of storytelling is described as an activity carried out with circumspect slowness as well as with decisiveness. In the case of this passage, one has to refer back to the early 1942 edition of the diaries edited by Ruth Sieber-Rike and Carl Sieber, since the second edition of 1973 prints a fallacious text: "Des Kiinstlers Schaffen ist ein Orden . The Cornet's development, his "youthful movement," is essentially influenced by the French marquis who figures as the good friend on the level of plot and who, on the level of aesthetic self-referentiality discussed here, set to words. Such an assessment can only be achieved by comparing the essen- tial features of this text to similar and identical ones in Rilke's other writings. In der In­ter­pre­ta­ti­on von Daniel Doujenis führt sie durch die Gräuel von Tür­ken­krie­gen, Welt­krie­gen und IS-Terror in eine poetische, un­fass­ba­re Zukunft. [3] There was something violent and sudden—something almost dangerous as well—about the way in which Rilke wrote the Elegies. .'. Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Christoph Rilke. .Iq. Rather than a story, Rilke suggests, the text presents nothing but an onslaught, a surge and crush- in other words, nothing but pure movement whose end appears to be an end in itself, since it turns out to be self-consuming: ". Other than with the two symphonies developing from the piano sonatas Nos. Es starben Abermillionen von Menschen im Zweiten Weltkrieg, aber in seinem Cornet, komponiert 1942–1943 nach Rainer Maria Rilkes Gedicht, konzentriert sich Frank Martin auf das Schicksal, auf den Tod, eines einzelnen Menschen. This claim which Rilke makes is so far-reaching that the reader is entitled to ask whether or not it is authentic. Nach dieser Heirnkehr in sich selbst ist eine miil3ige Freude Tat um Tat; sein Leben ist eine Schopfung und er bedarf der Dinge nicht mehr, die aurjen sind. It involves first and foremost the assertion that “this is so,” and only secondarily the expression “I feel it to be so.” This holds good wherever human language is uttered—and particularly where it assumes the power and fervor of poetry. Rainer Maria Rilkes Blaue Hortensie. A poetic work is more than mere “expression”—it is a declaration and the truth of a declaration is necessarily verifiable. Then there was another change of mood. . Art does not leave the domain of the artist, creator and opus form a circle, so "daf3 unsere Kunst. 2 and the completeness of its form in poem no. The Lay of the Love and Death of Cornet Christopher Rilke. His work does not require “enlightenment,” but—Rilke emphasizes the distinction—“submission,” in other words “faith.” His own relation to his work is that of a prophet—an inspired vessel filled with the divine voice which speaks through him. Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Christoph Rilke ist der Titel einer kurzen Erzählung von Rainer Maria Rilke.Sie entstand unter dem Titel "Der Cornet" nach Angaben des Autors innerhalb von einer Nacht im Jahr 1899 in der "Villa Waldfrieden" in Berlin-Schmargendorf.Eine überarbeitete Version schenkte er 1904 Stefan Zweig, auf ihr basierte die Buchververöffentlichung von 1906. Ich weilJ, der Weg ist noch lang; aber in meinen besten Traumen sehe ich den Tag, da ich mich empfangen werde." Und viele flirnmernde Fontanen rings in den Garten" (21).a. In the process of rewriting it (motivated also by his developing skepticism with regard to his "Jugendarbeit" and the incorporated poetic program), Rilke became fully aware of the fact that any attempt to alter or rework it would have to take into account its indebted- ness to an aesthetics that he had already begun to leave behind. Rhythmically organized variations of spe- cific elements- floral ornaments, for exam- ple-were formal elements of which Jugendstil was especially fond. In the very fist narrative passage, immediately following the introduction of the chronicler, one reads: "Vielleicht kehren wir nachtens immer wieder das Stuck zuriick, das wir in der fremden Sonne miihsam gewonnen haben? In all three versions the Cornet himself now embodies the focal point of the round space, which in turn is his own creation. . Letter dated 2 February 1907, quoted from Simon 96. " Since no truly different text satisfying the norms of his new view on art could be extrapolated from the Jugendstil of Cornet, the versions of 1904 and 1906 only undertook to master this form and its rules, taming extravagances and smoothing major stylistic flaws. The marquis's, imagination ("Vie1 Fremdes, Buntes vor h.mode of artistic expression is the song, poetry. .'. ." In addition, the ring form is capable of demon- strating the self-satiated nature of the poetic enterprise which, according to the young Rilke (who had come to leave the social pro- gram of his Wegwartenbehind), is an endeavor that contains its means within itself. Ein Deutscher offenbar. Sie entstand unter dem Titel Der Cornet nach Angaben des Autors innerhalb einer Nacht im Jahr 1899 in der „Villa Waldfrieden“ in Berlin-Schmargendorf. Dem Vorschlag Magda von Hattingbergs, den “Cornet“ zu vertonen, stimmt Rilke trotz aller Vorbehalte, da er „vom Zusammenschluss von Text und Musik nicht überzeugt“ ist, letztendlich zu. Adalbert Schmidt commits the same error when he reduces the influence of Jugendstil on Cornet to the domain of stylistics: "Einzelne Passagen aus der 'Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Christoph Riike' sind dafur beispielhaft. '"n 1906 Rilke ceased to work on it; the same year marks a new phase in his literary career, characterized also by a reluctance to indulge in his previous sentimental tone. According to the passage quoted, a text is successful if it allows for a kind of perception that is not concerned with the meaning of the work but is led by its overwhelming formal quality. And how many, who for one reason or another believe themselves to be torn within, might not derive a peculiar consolation from this example of continuity. Inhalt. Spork ernennt Rilke zum Cornet, zum Fahnenträger. He wrote to Lou Andreas-Salomé that the first twenty-five Sonnets had already been written as if “in the prelude to a storm.” Thirty others were to follow. The portrayal of the knight in the poem "Der Ritter" (from Das Buch der Bilder) shows that for the young Rilke the development of the artist embraces moments of violent acts, which the metaphoric field of war is able to express: Wann wird die Klinge springen uber die Eisenhecke, die fremde befreiende Klinge, die mich aus meinem Verstecke holt, drin ich so viele gebuckte Tage verbringe, -da13 ich mich endlich strecke und spiele und singe.'". Rainer Maria Riie, "August Rodin," Gesammelte Werke (Leipzig: Insel, 1927), vol. mir ist, als genugten sie, mein Inneres mit einem lauteren gleichmuthigen Glanz zu erfiillen, sie sind so recht Lampen in ihrn, ruhige Lam- pen. ... Es gibt Rilke-Gedichte, die öfter interpretiert worden sind als dieses. We do not need to read his Notebook of Malte Laurids Brigge as autobiography. Paul de Man, "The In- ward Generation," reprinted in Critical Wn'tings 19531978, ed. The Lay of the Love and Death of Cornet Christopher Rilke. During his Paris years Rilke developed a new style of lyrical poetry. The present investigation can only follow this course a short distance, for our criteria are primarily philosophical. Just as the artist does, the young Cornet rids hlrnself of the random reality of the current situation and opens up a sphere characterized as the sphere of a festival. This artistic movement directed toward "Selbstempfang""' articulates itself in Cornet in a reflection upon the path the young Cornet must take. Its meaning is not confined to the age of the hero Chri- stoph Rilke; it encompasses the process of writing the prose-poem itself, which Rilke paraphrased in the same letter in a poem dedi- cated to Schreier's daughter Eva: Ich bin es noch. Unless otherwise noted, page numbers in text refer to Simon's Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Chktoph Rilke in the third version (1906); here 45. " Garten-denkt er und Iachelt") and reality ("die sechzehn runden Sabel" [68]) struggle for domination before the aesthetic power fi- nally resolves this fight in the poetic image of the fountain, exuberant in laughter. The imagery of the lonely, fighting soldier lends itself to depicting the heroic valor of Rilke's concept of the artist. Such an examination might be made by direct application of the yardstick of religion. . . Precisely this effect is the impres- sion so often experienced and admired by readers of the Cornet and alluded to by Rilke himself when he speaks of the "rhythm," the "movement," or the "surface" of this work. Samtliche Werke, vol. der gluht und sich verneint." His eyes emit their own light rath- er than depending on the light of the world. He is introduced to the reader and to the Cornet as early as in the sec- ond segment, telliigly through the compari- son to a child- for Rilke the incarnation of the artist. Reiten, reiten, reiten, durch den Tag, durch die Nacht, durch den Tag. Paradoxically, it arises from a specifically modern sense of insecurity which makes us shrink from dealing with truth in the objective sense and restricts us to subjective experience and interpretation. Reiten, reiten, reiten. The whole of the first part was written down in one breathless submission between February 2nd and 5th, 1922, without any word being in doubt or in need of alteration. . Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Christoph Rilke ist der Titel einer kurzen Erzählung von Rainer Maria Rilke (1875–1926). Aspekte der osterreichischen Literatur des. 19. und 20. . Knowing that the completion of the Elegies was of vital importance, he waited for his inspiration to return, but in vain. 10 Trotz intensiver Beschäftigung mit diesem Medium gibt es wohl keine andere Kunstform, der Rilke mit mehr Misstrauen gegenüberstand als der Musik. Now, at the closure of the nar- rative movement, the protagonist himself be- comes enclosed in it: Der von Langenau ist tief im Feind, aber ganz allein. Zu Lust? At its end the circle reappears as a climax and as fulfillment. Later, in the sixteenth passage-the scenery has long since shifted from the sol- diers' camp to the festive atmosphere of the castle -the protagonist dreams of a crown consisting of the flowers picked by the women: "Und da traumst du: Geschmiickt sein mit ihnen und anders begliickt sein und dir eine Krone verdienen fir deine Stirne, die leer ist" (58).The fact that this vision remains unspecified is fully in accordance with the highly allusive nature of the text; it can signify erotic fulfillment or martial triumph, or it can be the crown of the poeta laureatus- the for- mulation "be elsewise blest" might suggest a realm beyond the immediate erotic sphere within which the image occurs. Indeed the reader of the Elegies must try to imagine the poet being guided by a “spirit” which presented him with images and ideas as he wrote. In his "Florence diary" he fervently fosters the idea of artistic self-sufficiency and autonomy. If the critical method we have adopted compels us to leave out of account the question of truth, we must not imagine that this is a virtue of the scientific approach. Many poems from the collection Les Roses convey this "artistic" image of the rose; the fifteenth poem, for example, hints precisely at the "spa- tial'' potency of the artist and the work of art: Seule, 6 abondante fleur, tu crees ton propre espace: tu te mires dans une glace d'odeur. In all three versions he enters the final battle without his tunic: "Der Waffenrock ist im Schlosse ver- brannt, der Brief und das Rosenblatt einer fremden Frau-" (69). It tries to restrict our inquiry to such questions as what the poet really meant, how he expressed himself, which currents of thought influenced him—but not whether what he said was true. The question to be answered here is not whether Rilke’s message commands respect, but whether his pronouncements are true in themselves: whether his impressive account of life and death, of humanity and personal relations really corresponds to the truth. He wrote to Xaver von Moos about the Sonnets:[7]. Spork ernennt Rilke zum Cornet, zum Fahnenträger. The fist version is less expressive in the depiction of the scenery, but it also works with the notion of the circle, represented in the act of "umschrmen": "Der Schrecken um- schirmt ihn, und er hat die Zeit die bunte Pracht zu schauen unter seiner langsam ver- lodernden Fahne" (20-21). Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Cornets Christoph Rilke obviously is the last work outlined by Viktor Ullmann in the concentration camp ofTheresienstadt. The task of interpreting the Duino Elegies is not an easy one. Rilke's interpretation of his Cornet as a "parable of a youthful movement," as quoted above, is a crucial hint to follow. Fremde Hütten hocken durstig an versumpften Brunnen. Rilke's Cornet shows an artist mastering time, space, and thought in the moment of solitary creation in which, represents the initiating influence of poetry on the developing artist. RAINER MARIA RILKE In Translations by M. D. H erter N orton Letters to a Young Poet Sonnets to Orpheus Wartime Letters of Rainer Maria Ril\e Translations from the Poetry of Rainer Maria Rilf^e The Lay of //.. Love and Death of Cornet Christopher Rilfye The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge Stories of God Though Rilke himself cannot always be con- sidered the keenest critic of his early writings, this ambivalent appreciation of Cornet deserves special interpretive attention. But he continued to feel frustrated by the first promise of inspiration which had not been fulfilled. The account and the atmosphere it evokes are suggestive to such a degree that it becomes emotionally perceptible. In his insistence on the youthful- ness of the whole undertaking one must see more than the mere attempt to apologize for the artistic weakness of some of its features. He is calm and self-cen- tered, thus displaying the qualities of the "con- centrated" artist. Click EDIT to add/edit tags. Rainer Maria Rilke (* 4.Dezember 1875 in Prag, Österreich-Ungarn; † 29. Editorial Statement: This post is part of an ongoing “Ressourcement Futures” series that will look at the mid-century (mostly) French movement of recovering the sources of Christian culture, the movements antecedents, its continued influence, and satellite figures. See also the rose as a book in poem no. . It can be understood even by those who do not actually understand the German language in which it is told- they "suddenly understand it, feel individual words. Dann wird es weit in ihrn und festlich, und er schuf das wiirdige Heim fiir-sich ~elbst.~'. He is "widely recognized as one of the most lyrically intense German-language poets". Es kann sein" (43). But the status of those elements has to be reassessed: they must be regarded as devices employed by the author to illustrate Jugendstil aesthetics as he saw it. Copyright © 2020 . Dann tausend dahinter: Das Heer.“ (S. 16) Rilkes neue Kompagnie liegt in der Nähe des Flusses Raab. "Oft habe ich so grolje Sehnsucht nach mir. . Like the author of Cornet, the anonymous narrator in the text also tells of a mother-a theme introduced as early as the second passage of Cornet.